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Literature paper 1 igcse

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. The dreaded DBQ, or “document-based question,” is an essay question type on paper, the AP History exams (AP US History, AP European History, and AP World History). For the DBQ essay, you will be asked to analyze some historical issue or trend with the aid of the provided sources, or documents, as evidence. The DBQ is an unfamiliar type of in-class essay for many students, but it does not need to be a source of dread or panic. In this guide I'll go over the DBQ's purpose and format, what the documents are and how to essay test, use them, how this type of literature 1 igcse, essay is scored, and how to prepare. I'll tell you everything you need to rock this unique type of essay! Note: The rubric, guidelines, and of 10 skills tested for all of the History APs are identical; only the historical source material is different.

As a veteran of the DBQ, I'm here to literature paper, answer all your questions. Why do the AP History exams even have a document-based question? What will it look like on the exam? What are these documents, anyways? Let's dive right in. This baby is too young to be diving into the DBQ! The point of the document-based question is not to torment you but actually to put you in thesis the historian’s shoes as an interpreter of historical material. Cool, right? The DBQ is testing your ability to: create a strong thesis and support that thesis with the aid of the documents provided analyze sources for characteristics such as author’s point of view, the author's purpose, the audience, and context make connections between the documents bring in outside knowledge to strengthen the argument. This may sound like a tall order, but you probably already use all these skills all the time.

Suppose your friend asks for your help in literature paper deciding whether to buy a particular new brand of essay presentation, soccer ball. You have used the soccer ball, so you have personal knowledge about it, but he doesn’t just want your opinion—he wants evidence! (Your friend takes buying soccer balls very seriously). Literature 1 Igcse! So first, you collect information (your “documents”). These could include: online reviews of the is an soccer ball your brother’s opinion the price at 1 igcse the store the presentation cost of other soccer balls ads for the soccer ball. Next, you'll analyze these documents to make a decision about literature, whether the ball is a good purchase for your friend or not. For that, you might: Assess bias (also known as the author’s point of view): Maybe the soccer ball ad isn’t the most objective measure of the ball’s quality. Maybe your brother hates soccer. Consider the author’s audience: Maybe that review of the soccer ball was written for english dialogue oral, professional soccer players, and you want to know how it is for casual players! Think about the context of your friend's decision: What time of year is it? If it’s right around Christmas, maybe your friend’s mom will get it for him as a present.

What you already know about paper, soccer is part of the context as well--you know your friend won’t want a ball that’s too bouncy, for help, example. Buying the right soccer ball might have higher stakes than the AP exam. If you were going to go back and paper write an essay for your friend about this after you've reviewed your documents, your thesis might be something like one of these examples: “This soccer ball is essay powerpoint, a good purchase for literature paper, my friend because it has all the elements of a good soccer ball at a great price point.” “This soccer is not a good purchase for applied science coursework, my friend right now because even though it looks amazing, I know my friend’s birthday is in a week and his sister might buy it for him.” Then you would use the paper 1 igcse “documents” and your outside knowledge (for example, your experience with the soccer ball and your knowledge about soccer) to support that claim. That's a document-based question! In fact, I would assert that the DBQ is the easiest essay to score highly on in the find master AP History exams. As overwhelming as it might be now to think about all of that information getting thrown at you at once, think of literature paper 1 igcse, it this way: Instead of relying primarily on your knowledge, the DBQ gives you a bunch of sources to use in sat essay your analysis. 1 Igcse! This means you don’t have to be worried you’ll waste five minutes racking your brain trying to remember the name of that guy who did that thing.

It’s important to bring in some outside information for a top score, but the main thing you need to essay powerpoint presentation, do is analyze . 95% of the info you really need is there. You just have to paper 1 igcse, learn how to english dialogue test, use it. Let's move on to test formatting so you know what to literature paper 1 igcse, expect from sat essay score document-based questions. What Does the DBQ Format Look Like? Each of the AP history tests has one DBQ, and it is always the first question in the test booklet for the writing section (Part II of the literature paper exam). When you open your booklet and write essays turn to literature 1 igcse, the DBQ, you will see the instructions, the prompt, and a student then the literature documents. You will have a 15-minute reading period, with a recommended 40 minutes of writing time.

The test has two essays, and you will have 90 minutes total to plan and write them. You won't be forced to move on from one essay to find thesis, the other, so be sure to budget your time carefully. You are not required to paper, use the entire reading/planning period. You can begin writing whenever you wish. However, be sure you plan carefully because the writing will go much faster if you have a good outline. That covers the general format, but no doubt you want to hear more about these mysterious documents. Stay tuned!

What's the Deal With These Documents? You will receive up to seven sources. These could be primary or secondary, and they could take almost any form: l etters, newspaper articles, maps, pictures, cartoons, charts, and english so on. You will need to use all or all but one of the documents in your essay. You should go further in-depth on paper, at least four of the documents. (See the rubric breakdown section below for more details). Science Coursework Help! For US History, no DBQ will focus exclusively on the time period prior to 1607 or after 1980, although they may focus on a broader time period that includes one of those time periods. Literature 1 Igcse! Don't worry, they won't be original copies. Now that we've discussed the dialogue essay test purpose, format, and document protocol of the literature DBQ, we need to discuss scoring. How much is the find DBQ worth on paper 1 igcse, your exam?

And how do those pesky AP graders even score it? How Much Is the Document-Based Question Worth? The DBQ is 25% of your total grade. The entire second section of exam is 50% of your grade, and there are two equally weighted essays. The rubric the graders use is freely available to you on essay, the College Board website.

Don't worry if these look like gibberish to you. I'll break it down briefly here, and go even more in-depth on my article about literature paper 1 igcse, how to is an sat essay score good, prepare for and write a DBQ. There are four categories in this rubric: thesis, analysis of the document, using outside evidence, and synthesis. Paper! You can score up to seven points. One point for having a clear, historically plausible thesis that is located in the introduction or conclusion. You can get another point here for having a particularly good thesis that presents a nuanced relationship between historical factors, and doing a good job supporting that thesis in your essay. One point for using 6-7 of the documents in your essay. Easy-peasy. One point for good, doing further analysis on 1 igcse, four of the documents.

This further analysis could be on being, any of the following points: author’s point of literature 1 igcse, view author’s purpose historical context audience. Just be sure to tie any further analysis back to your main argument! One point is just for context - if you can locate the issue within its broader historical situation. You do need to write several sentences about it but the contextual information can be very general. One point is for being able to name an additional specific example relevant to your argument that is being nurse, not mentioned in the documents. Don't stress if you freeze up and paper can't remember one on test day. This is only one point and it will not prevent you from is an getting a 5 on the exam.

All you need to do for synthesis is relate your argument about this specific time period to a different time period, geographical area, historical movement, etc. 1 Igcse! It is is an, probably easiest to do this in the conclusion of the essay. Still with me? Just remember: the most important thing is having a strong thesis that is supported by the information in the documents and whatever other related information you have around in your brain. If you are an auditory learner, I recommend the 1 igcse following video, which breaks down all the components you need to get a seven . If this seems like a lot to english, take in, don't worry. You don’t have to paper 1 igcse, get a perfect score on thesis, the DBQ to get a five on literature 1 igcse, the AP.

Somewhere in the 5-6 range can definitely get you there. To get a 3 on the exam (which still gives you course credit at a lot of colleges), you only powerpoint presentation, need a 3 on the DBQ. (See page eight of this document.) Additionally, overall historical accuracy is important but not 100% necessary for every tiny detail of the literature paper 1 igcse essay. Anything that is in the documents should be correct, but when you start to bring in outside sources for your DBQ essay on unionization and working conditions and you can’t remember if the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire was in 1911 or 1912, just pick one and don’t sweat it. If minor details are incorrect and don’t detract from the overall meaning of the essay, you won’t lose points. Now that you understand the purpose, format, and rubric for document-based questions, I'll give you some tips on how to get the score you're aiming for. Two things will help you crush the DBQ: prepping beforehand, and hitting all the right notes on test day! Rock the DBQ like Jimi rocked the 1960s. Try out the practice DBQs available online at the College Board website: look here for AP US History (and here for a complete APUSH practice test), here for AP European History, and here for AP World History. You don’t necessarily have to write an entire essay every time you practice—it’s also helpful to read the question and texts and then create outlines with a thesis. Ask a trusted teacher or advisor to look over master your practice drafts and/or outlines with the rubric and advise what you might be missing.

Make sure you know general historical trends/periods so you can get that point for context. You can find more prep tips in my article on literature paper 1 igcse, how to help, write a DBQ. Read the question carefully . Literature Paper! Make sure you know what is essay, being asked before you start trying to answer. While you read the documents, take notes on what they mean, who is writing, etc. Literature Paper! Come up with your thesis before you start writing, or your essay will be a sad, directionless mess, like a boat with no rudder, lost at sea forever. If you aren’t sure of is an score good, your thesis yet, brainstorm in 1 igcse your notes — not while you are writing. Once you have a thesis, stay on topic. If you’re writing about how Smaug wrecked the Forbidden Mountain, don’t start talking about how amazing and clever Bilbo is, even if it’s true.

Make sure you use all the how to write good essays documents —doing so gets you easy points. Literature! However, don’t simply regurgitate sources with no analysis. If you find yourself doing a lot of “Source A says blah, and essay powerpoint presentation Source B says blah, and Source C says blah. ” make sure you are using the documents to make a point , and not letting the documents use you. A great way to analyze the documents is to make connections between them! Who agrees? Who disagrees? Why? Don’t forget to provide context, one outside example, and a connection to another period/area/historical theme if you can!

That’s three points right there. And there you have it! You are ready to start prepping for success. Abraham Lincoln believes in you! I know I just threw a lot of information at you. So here are some key takeaway points: The document-based question is a way for the AP to test your skills as a historian! Don’t panic! It doesn’t have to be overwhelming, even though you are getting tons of literature paper 1 igcse, information thrown at you in a short time. Is An Score! The DBQ is based on skills that you can learn and practice : writing a strong thesis, using given evidence to literature 1 igcse, support an argument, making connections between different documents and pieces of evidence, placing specific information in being essay a broader context, analyzing an author’s intent, bias, audience, etc.

Need more study resources for AP World History ? See our Best AP World History Study Guide or get more practice tests from our complete list. Need more resources for AP US History ? Try this article on the best notes to use for studying from one of our experts. Also check out her review of the best AP US History textbooks! Or just looking for general information about 1 igcse, your upcoming APs ? See here for instructions on how to applied coursework, register for AP exams, complete 2016 test dates, and information on how much AP tests cost (and how to get AP financial aid). Want to improve your SAT score by paper 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at is an sat essay of 10 improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep?

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Overview Essay: Anxious Dictators, Wavering Democracies. by Arch Puddington and Tyler Roylance. The world was battered in 2015 by paper overlapping crises that fueled xenophobic sentiment in being democratic countries, undermined the economies of states dependent on the sale of natural resources, and led authoritarian regimes to literature paper 1 igcse, crack down harder on dissent. These unsettling developments contributed to the 10th consecutive year of english essay test decline in global freedom. The democracies of Europe and the United States struggled to cope with the Syrian civil war and other unresolved regional conflicts.

In addition to compounding the misery and driving up the death toll of civilians in the affected territories, the fighting generated unprecedented numbers of refugees and incubated terrorist groups that inspired or organized attacks on paper, targets abroad. In democratic countries, these stresses led to applied help, populist, often bigoted reactions as well as new security measures, both of paper which threaten the how to english core values of an open society. The year also featured the paper slowdown of China’s economy and a related plunge in commodity prices, which hit profligate, export-dependent authoritarian regimes especially hard. Anticipating popular unrest, dictators redoubled political repression at home and sat essay score of 10 good lashed out at perceived foreign enemies. However, in several important countries, elections offered a peaceful way out of failed policies and mismanagement. Voters in places including Nigeria, Venezuela, and Myanmar rejected incumbents and gave new leaders or parliaments an opportunity to tackle corruption, economic decay, and corrosive security problems. These fresh starts suggest that democratic systems may ultimately prove more resilient than their brittle authoritarian counterparts. Whatever the underlying strength of their institutions, leading democracies betrayed a worrying lack of self-confidence and conviction during 2015. Front and center was the democratic world’s inability to present a unified and credible strategy to end the murderous war in Syria and deal with the refugee crisis triggered by 1 igcse the conflict. Having failed to support the moderate opposition to authoritarian president Bashar al-Assad in the conflict’s early stages, the United States and Europe are now confronted with a crisis of find master global proportions. With its bewildering interplay of regional powers, proxy forces, jihadist groups, and urgent humanitarian priorities, Syria represents the most complex challenge to peace and stability in years, and thus far the leaders of the free world have fallen short even as fundamental democratic principles come under threat in their own countries.

The impact has been powerfully felt in Europe. The surge of asylum seekers from Syria and other conflict zones in 2015 provoked a confused and often ugly debate among the member states of the European Union (EU). 1 Igcse! While a few European leaders, notably German chancellor Angela Merkel and Swedish prime minister Stefan Löfven, were initially outspoken in welcoming those fleeing barrel bombs and terrorist massacres, others flatly refused to accept Muslim refugees on their soil. Such hostility grew especially acute after coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic State militant group killed 130 people in Paris in dialogue essay oral test November. Czech president Miloš Zeman called those arriving from the Middle East an “organized invasion,” while Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orbán asserted inaccurately that “all the terrorists” in the Paris attacks “are basically migrants.” Even in Germany, despite the government’s welcoming attitude, neo-Nazis and other xenophobes assaulted refugees and literature 1 igcse set fire to reception facilities. Other European governments maneuvered to evade responsibility, using fences with razor wire, draconian laws, and onerous financial demands to push the flow of migrants away from a student nurse essay, their borders.

In effect, the European establishment’s inability to manage these new challengeson top of the lingering economic woes that began nearly a decade agogave fresh impetus to those who have long questioned the European project and the liberal, universal values that it represents. Literature! In France, for example, Marine Le Pen of the right-wing National Front spoke of a split between “globalists and patriots,” suggesting that the mainstream, pro-EU socialist and conservative parties were indistinguishable and essentially anti-French. The United States did not face refugee flows or terrorist attacks on the same scale as Europe, but it too is english dialogue essay test experiencing a crisis of confidence in its democratic institutions and international role. While the American system remains dynamic and open to the participation of minorities and immigrants, its elections and legislative process have suffered from an increasingly intricate system of gerrymandering and undue interference by wealthy individuals and special interests. Racial and literature ethnic divisions have seemingly widened, and the past year brought greater attention to police violence and impunity, de facto residential and school segregation, and economic inequality, adding to fears that class mobility, a linchpin of science coursework help America’s self-image and global reputation, is in jeopardy. With these concerns as a backdrop, the literature 1 igcse political debate over immigration and national securityat least on the righttook on an angry, anti-Muslim tone, and find master Islamophobic hate crimes spiked, especially after 14 people were killed in a terrorist attack in San Bernardino, California. Some elected officials on both sides of the political spectrum also cast doubt on America’s long-standing goal of supporting democracy overseas, arguing that U.S. involvement only literature paper 1 igcse, causes instability. The authoritarian economic crisis.

Although some authoritarian rulers sought to blame their problems on meddling by democratic powers, it became clear during 2015 that larger economic forces were at work. China’s slowing growth, punctuated by a stock-market plunge and abrupt devaluations of the master thesis currency, helped to reduce the prices of many commodities, slashing the export revenues of dictatorships around the world and threatening the economic underpinnings of their legitimacy. The price of oil in particular, which was also pushed down by Saudi Arabia’s refusal to curb production and a longer-term increase in output by the United States, threatened the economic well-being of repressive petro-states from Angola to Azerbaijan. Wary of spending cuts, declining living standards, and the social unrest they could cause, most of these regimes cracked down on rights activists and literature paper other critics. In China, modest reform measures in 2015such as incremental judicial changes, relaxation of household registration rules, and a shift to a two-child policywere more than offset by harsh campaigns against english oral test dissent and a renewed emphasis on the Communist Party’s leadership in political, social, and economic life. 1 Igcse! The government of Xi Jinping responded to the stock-market drop with aggressive interventions in essay the market itself, enhanced censorship and propaganda efforts, and a new crackdown on civil society. Within a 48-hour period in July, for example, over 200 individuals involved in public-interest legal activism were taken into custody in a nationwide sweep. Other targets, whose work the authorities had previously tolerated, included financial journalists, public health advocates, labor rights activists, and women’s rights defenders.

This escalation illustrated the growing brutality and anxiety of China’s leaders. Prominent businessmen and securities traders were also rounded up, adding new risks to doing business in China. But in a sign that favored firms would join the regime in promoting a rosier view of the 1 igcse country, the Chinese internet giant Alibaba purchased the South China Morning Post , pledging to use Hong Kong’s most prominent English-language newspaper to improve China’s global image. In many countries, the economic setbacks only compounded existing problems brought on by corruption or foreign policy blunders. Russia was forced to deal with falling oil prices at essay powerpoint, a time when international sanctions over its invasion of 1 igcse Ukraineplus countersanctions that hurt Russian consumers at least as much as the intended targetshad already weakened its economy and threatened its indebted state-owned companies. Adding to its expensive military occupations in parts of Ukraine, Georgia, and Moldova, the Kremlin intervened in master Syria in late 2015 to shore up support for literature paper 1 igcse Assad. Score Good! Analysts warned that it could prove costly in financial, military, and political terms.

The Russian authorities were sensitive to paper, the possibility of popular discontent, using the state’s high-volume propaganda apparatus to shift emphasis from the stalemate in Ukraine to english dialogue, the new adventure in Syria. The regime also took measures to literature paper 1 igcse, stifle criticism of its foreign interventions. Thesis! Opponents have been derided as traitors, forced from their jobs, arrested, or pushed into exile. To drive home the leadership’s intolerance for dissent, President Vladimir Putin issued a decree making it illegal to publish information about military casualties even during peacetime. Literature Paper! The head of a committee of dialogue essay oral soldiers’ mothers was convicted of fraud after publicizing the cases of Russian troops killed in eastern Ukraine, where the Kremlin has implausibly denied that any Russian forces are deployed. Saudi Arabia and literature its Gulf allies, similarly hit by the drop in hydrocarbon prices, leaned heavily on their financial reserves as they sought to prop up the Egyptian regime, battle Shiite-led militants in Yemen, and maintain their domestic spending to avoid social unrest. The nervousness of the region’s monarchs was reflected in heightened political repression, with Saudi authorities imposing more death sentences for a variety of crimes, including nonviolent offenses related to freedom of expression. Low oil prices also posed a problem for Iran, which hoped to rebuild its sanctions-ravaged economy after reaching an agreement with the being a student essay international community to limit its nuclear program. Even before the deal was completed, hard-line forces in the regime worked to smother public expectations that it would lead to a more open society. The crackdown featured a spike in executions, the shuttering of civil society organizations, and literature 1 igcse the arrest of journalists who wrote favorably about liberalizing policies or improved ties with the West.

The trial and conviction of Washington Post correspondent Jason Rezaian, apparently on is an sat essay of 10 good, spurious espionage charges, ranks among the most notable cases. No details were made public, the trial was carried out in secret, and Rezaian was not allowed to mount a serious defense. Venezuela experienced an economic freefall due to slumping oil revenues, years of gross mismanagement, and literature rampant corruption. Write English! In the months leading up to December elections, the country faced extreme shortages of literature 1 igcse staple goods, rising criminal violence, and essay powerpoint the world’s highest rate of literature inflation. The government of President Nicolás Maduro responded with more repression, bringing politicized prosecutions against leading opposition figures and tightening its grip on the media. However, in powerpoint presentation addition to literature paper, serving as a cautionary example of authoritarian misrule, Venezuela illustrated the potential of elections to is an score good, correct a country’s course. The electoral system was weighed down by blatant gerrymandering, the misuse of state resources, and pronounced media bias, but a groundswell of public frustration with Maduro’s government gave the opposition coalition a two-thirds supermajority in the National Assembly. The results set up a likely confrontation between the legislative and executive branches, and the ultimate outcome remained unclear at year’s end. Nevertheless, the election gave Venezuela a real chance to reverse years of literature democratic and economic decline. Citizens in a number of other troubled societies similarly proved that change was entirely possible, and did so through the most tried-and-true democratic institutionthe ballot box.

In Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country and largest economy, voters fed up with rampant corruption and insecurity rejected the incumbent president, Goodluck Jonathan, and elected Muhammadu Buhari to replace him, the powerpoint first time ever that the opposition gained executive power through elections. Buhari, despite a checkered past, has since begun to fulfill pledges to address the country’s massive corruption problem and accelerate the military campaign against the terrorist group Boko Haram. In Myanmar, a huge turnout produced an paper 1 igcse overwhelming victory in parliamentary elections for how to write english essays longtime opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and her National League for Democracy (NLD), a remarkable turnaround in a country that until recently ranked among the literature paper world’s most repressive. Voters in Sri Lanka ousted their increasingly authoritarian and divisive president, Mahinda Rajapaksa, in applied favor of literature paper Maithripala Sirisena. Upon taking office in January, Sirisena overturned some of Rajapaksa’s repressive policies and began repairing relations with both the country’s Tamil minority and the international community. And in Argentina, opposition candidate Mauricio Macri won the presidency by defeating the nominee of incumbent Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, who with her late husband, Néstor Kirchner, had dominated the executive branch for over a decade. Combined with the essay powerpoint Venezuela results, Macri’s victory may be the beginning of a rollback of literature Latin America’s populist movements, which had previously made impressive gains across the region.

There is, of course, no guarantee that electoral victories in essay presentation societies with fragile institutions and histories of conflict or dictatorship will lead to stability, peace, and prosperity. Literature Paper 1 Igcse! But the people in essay powerpoint presentation these countriesexemplars of hope in a decade of 1 igcse regressionretained faith in the democratic process even after experiencing hardship after hardship, including military rule (Myanmar), civil war and essay presentation authoritarian rule (Sri Lanka), entrenched corruption and a terrorist scourge (Nigeria), economic collapse and political repression (Venezuela), and literature 1 igcse economic setback and unaccountable government (Argentina). They prevailed despite, in some cases, an electoral playing field tilted sharply against the opposition; in other cases, a record of political violence; and in still other cases, apprehensions about what lies ahead when dictatorships give way to normal politics. Some of these voters were also rejecting political figures who had publicly disdained the world’s democracies and drawn closer to authoritarian powers like Russia, China, and Iran. They were willing to listen to candidates who talked about the rule of law, freedom of expression, and the right to be free of payoffs and bribes, and they were unimpressed by those who blamed every step backward on foreign plots. These voters, in other words, aligned themselves with the how to english universal principles of literature democracy and human rightseither explicitly or by deciding that the alternatives had simply failed to find, deliver.

Indeed, the most valuable lesson of literature paper 1 igcse 2015 may be that when given the find thesis opportunity, people will choose the system that works. As all varieties of government face mounting pressure to perform, the coming year could demonstrate whether democracy is literature truly more responsive and good english essays durable than dictatorship. In addition to those described above, five major phenomena stood out during the year: Overstaying their welcome: Leaders in several countries maneuvered to extend their terms in office during 2015. Most prominent among these was Burundian president Pierre Nkurunziza, whose decision to run for a constitutionally dubious third termwhich he won amid an opposition boycott in Julyled to literature, large-scale political violence. Similar schemes were in the works in Bolivia, Ecuador, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Republic of Congo, and Rwanda. Although none of these countries has yet seen the violence experienced by Burundi, the moves all serve to perpetuate the rule of entrenched incumbents and find master thesis deny citizens their right to freely choose their leaders. Meanwhile, Lebanon again failed to hold legislative elections after sitting lawmakers postponed them in both 2013 and literature 1 igcse 2014, citing disagreements over the electoral laws and security concerns stemming from the Syrian conflict.

Governments in Afghanistan, Somaliland, and South Sudan similarly blamed stalled electoral reforms or security problems when delaying scheduled elections. Threats to democracy in Central America: Vicious criminal gangs, political violence, and systemic corruption pose a growing threat to english essay, freedom and democracy in El Salvador, Guatemala, and paper Honduras. The negative trend, though already well under way by 2015, represents a wake-up call for the region, which for years enjoyed comparative political stability after overcoming decades of civil war and military rule. In Guatemala, although prosecutors and protesters forced the president to resign and essay face corruption charges during the year, the literature paper 1 igcse case was built on the work of international investigators, and the subsequent elections featured violence and intimidation. Moreover, observers raised concerns about ties between the military and the party of the new president, Jimmy Morales.

In Nicaragua, unlike in the other countries, the main threat to democracy is the political and institutional dominance of the ruling Sandinista party. Over the past several years, the Sandinistas have gained considerable control over the judiciary and security forces, abolished term limits, and shown an intolerance for dissent. Nicaragua also suffers from a cozy relationship between political elites and essay economic enterprise. Lack of progress for women: More than 20 years after members of the United Nations met in Beijing to establish principles for advancing gender equality, women remain at a distinct disadvantage around the world in terms of 1 igcse political rights and civil liberties. Despite modest increases in women’s political representation and the election of a number of female heads of government, examples of genuine progress are few and far between.

The very limited steps that were hailed as victories in 2015that women in Saudi Arabia, who must still obtain a male guardian’s permission to conduct many basic daily activities, were finally able to participate in tightly controlled elections for largely powerless municipal councils, or that a ridiculously outdated law criminalizing adultery was struck down in South Koreademonstrated just how low the bar has gotten in evaluating progress toward gender equality. Meanwhile, in many parts of the applied science world, women’s economic aspirations and literature the broader economies of their countries continue to suffer from unequal rights to property and inheritance as well as discriminatory practices that prevent women from working outside the home. Gridlock in the Balkans: Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo all suffered from crippling government dysfunction in 2015. How To Write English Essays! Macedonia’s ruling party was implicated in electoral fraud and an expansive wiretapping scandal, exacerbating a bitter political standoff with the opposition that ultimately required the EU to step in and broker snap elections for 2016. In Kosovo, lawmakers opposed to a deal on normalizing relations with Serbia repeatedly halted parliamentary debate by releasing tear gas within the chamber and pelting ruling party members with eggs. Bosnia and Herzegovina’s government, hampered by a complex, ineffective framework established under the 1995 peace accords, remained incapable of addressing the relentless obstructionism and endemic corruption that have plagued it ever since. Paper 1 Igcse! Tensions were further aggravated when officials in the Republika Srpska, one of the country’s two constituent entities, rejected the authority of the is an score of 10 good national police, courts, and prosecutors, and began planning a referendum on the legitimacy of the national judiciary. Such disputes precluded democratic gains in 1 igcse all three countries, and ensured that EU accession remained a distant prospect. Conversely, Montenegro’s progress toward EU membership, even as the entrenched government of powerpoint Prime Minister Milo Dukanovic sanctioned the literature paper harassment of independent media, tarnished the bloc’s image as a purveyor of good governance and democratic norms. Unfinished business: Although the world’s attention turned to new disasters during 2015, many of the dialogue test previous year’s most dramatic setbacks for literature freedom continued to fester.

Thailand’s post-coup government officially lifted martial law, but the military junta remained in write essays complete control of the political system and continued to hunt down and punish any who expressed dissent. The government of Abdel Fattah el-Sisi in Egypt, formalized in 2014 after the 1 igcse 2013 coup, finally allowed parliamentary elections, but they were marred by large-scale rigging, criminalization of and boycotts by opposition parties, and a tight grip on the media. Meanwhile, an Islamist insurgency continued to gain momentum amid unchecked abuses by a student nurse security forces. Crimea, which dominated global headlines after Russia’s invasion in 2014, languished in a grim status quo, and de facto Russian control of the Donbas region in eastern Ukraine was solidified in literature 1 igcse both military and applied help economic terms. Finally, South Sudan’s bloody civil war continued throughout the year despite a series of attempted cease-fires, subjecting the population to massacres, rapes, and large-scale displacement.

Regime security over public safety. The conflicts raging across the 1 igcse Middle East and North Africa began in large part because entrenched rulers put their own interests and security above the safety and well-being of their people. In the countries that remain at peace, many leaders still embrace the english dialogue essay oral test same short-sighted priorities, raising the risk that they too could descend into literature paper disorder. Although the Egyptian regime’s self-defeating drive against dissenta violent campaign enabled by how to write good english essays American and Gulf state aidhas been widely criticized, a number of other Middle Eastern states have escaped international attention while they quietly clamp down on already limited political participation and civil liberties. These include Morocco and Kuwait, where journalists and civil society activists found themselves under fresh assault in 2015. The United Arab Emirates sought to further restrict scrutiny of the country’s abhorrent labor conditions by denying entry to academic researchers, and Bahrain’s government, with little pushback from its U.S. ally, continued its shameful efforts to silence the opposition by stripping its leading critics, most of 1 igcse them Shiites, of their citizenship. Saudi Arabia, one of the worst human rights abusers in the world, increased the number of executions to its highest level in 20 years, and tried to how to good english, cover up its failure to safeguard participants in literature the annual Hajj pilgrimage after a stampede killed more than 2,400 people. The kingdom’s military campaign in being a student nurse neighboring Yemen showed a similar indifference toward protecting innocent lives. Undergirding all of these cases is a model of governance that erodes the kind of long-term and inclusive stability the literature paper region desperately needs.

By sacrificing public safety for regime security, these governments alienate and anger their citizens, squander public resources, and enfeeble the institutions that are necessary for sustainable political and economic development. Also in 2015, relations between Israel and Palestinians remained combustible. In the aftermath of the previous year’s war between Israel and Hamas, which caused the deaths of over 2,100 Palestinians and 73 Israelis, the peace process was moribund. Right-leaning Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu won reelection in March, and find the deeply divided Palestinian political institutions in the West Bank and Gaza were in disarray. The administration of President Barack Obama reportedly concluded that it would be unable to literature paper, make significant progress on is an sat essay score of 10, peace talks during the remainder of its term. Meanwhile, individual Palestinians carried out a series of literature 1 igcse knife and vehicular attacks on Israeli Jews, and Israeli security personnel responded with deadly force.

Struggling with term limits and terrorism. Democratic setbacks and violence triggered by essay test African leaders’ manipulation of term limits were offset by successful elections and peaceful transfers of power in key countries during 2015. Meanwhile, nations across the Sahelian belt from Mali to Kenya continued to grapple with threats from Islamist militants. Burundian president Pierre Nkurunziza’s controversial decision to run for a third term sparked civil unrest, a failed coup, and political violence that threatened to spiral into civil war. In neighboring Rwanda, where President Paul Kagame has efficiently closed the space for political opposition or critical viewpoints, Senate approval and a successful national referendum cleared the literature 1 igcse way for Kagame to potentially remain in office until 2034. And an October constitutional referendum allowed longtime Congo Republic president Denis Sassou-Nguesso to forego term limits and run to powerpoint, extend his rule in 2016, triggering the largest antigovernment demonstration since 1992.

Burkina Faso recovered from a September military coup by supporters of ousted president Blaise Compaore?, who in 2014 had tried to change the constitution and extend his own 27-year rule, leading to a popular uprising. Literature Paper 1 Igcse! The country went on to hold its most successful presidential and legislative elections ever, marking a turning point in english essay oral its political transition and serving as an example for other nations contending with leaders who attempt to overstay their mandates. Tanzania, whose presidents have consistently honored the two-term limit, held its most competitive elections since its transition to multiparty rule in the early 1990s, with ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) candidate John Magufuli winning 58 percent of the literature paper vote. However, it was unclear whether Magufuli would reform laws passed earlier in good the year that severely restricted freedom of expression. While a deadly terrorist attack on a luxury hotel in Bamako in November triggered a state of emergency in Mali, there were few reports that the government used the incident to restrict citizens’ basic freedoms.

However, elsewhere in the region, violations of civil liberties and the rule of literature 1 igcse law continued in the fight against Boko Haram, which spread from northeastern Nigeria to parts of coursework Cameroon and Chad. In the wake of yet another attack by paper 1 igcse Somalia’s Shabaab militant group, which in April killed nearly 150 people at Garissa University College in northeastern Kenya, the government in Nairobi continued its ham-fisted domestic counterterrorism campaign. This included alleged extrajudicial killings and essay disappearances, as well as a crackdown on nongovernmental organizations and critical media. Meanwhile, Ethiopia used the war on terrorism to justify a deadly crackdown on literature 1 igcse, protests against forced displacement in the Oromia region in November and December, as well as ongoing repression of political opponents, journalists, bloggers, and activists. Religious nationalism linked to political tensions. In a wide range of Asian countries, there was a correlation in 2015 between strained political institutions and sat essay of 10 good various forms of religious nationalism or extremism. India’s Hindu nationalist government, under pressure to deliver on its 2014 campaign promises, generally failed to curb a rise in anti-Muslim violence and intimidation, at literature paper, times appearing to encourage or take advantage of sat essay of 10 good religious divisions for political gain. In Bangladesh, as the major political parties continued their bitter standoff, Islamist radicals carried out a series of attacks on secular writers, foreigners, and Shiites. The authorities in 1 igcse Malaysia stepped up enforcement of conservative dress codes and persecution of LGBT people at a time when the ruling party was reeling from coursework, a major corruption scandal. And in the tiny, oil-dependent sultanate of Brunei, the government restricted minority religious displays and moved toward implementation of literature 1 igcse a harsh new criminal code based on essay, Sharia.

Anti-Muslim discrimination in Myanmar remained a serious problem during the year, and it was unclear whether a new NLD government would take the political risk of defending Muslims’ fundamental rights. However, the failure of Buddhist nationalists to drum up voter support for the military-backed ruling party was a promising sign. The influence of Buddhist nationalists in Sri Lanka clearly waned after that country’s change in leadership, with the literature paper 1 igcse newly elected administration promising a more inclusive model of master governance. Migrant crisis threatens solidarity, democratic standards. The migration crisis in Europe put unprecedented pressure on the EU’s fundamental principles of liberty, solidarity, and paper 1 igcse respect for being nurse human rights. The massive influx of literature people not only exposed areas of weak institutional capacity across the region, but also cast doubt on the EU’s ability to maintain high democratic standards among current and aspiring member states in a time of rising populism.

The year began with the January election victory of the left-populist Syriza party in Greece, whose anti-EU rhetoric struck a chord with voters after years of externally imposed austerity. Although the sat essay score of 10 good new government was eventually forced to comply with its creditors’ demands, important underlying problemsincluding governance deficiencies and paper 1 igcse a debt load that many view as unsustainablehave yet to be addressed. Nevertheless, the attention of essay Brussels had shifted to 1 igcse, the migrants by the second half of 2015. The EU’s attempts to distribute responsibility for the settlement of refugees across the union met with resistance throughout the bloc, particularly from Central and Eastern Europe. These countries’ blatant rejection of solidarity with asylum seekers and fellow member states, despite their own 20th-century histories of repression, foreign domination, and mass dislocation on the one hand, and the benefits they received from the EU on the other, represented a stinging blow to applied coursework, the European project.

The bloc’s broader retreat from the paper 1 igcse goal of bolstering democratic values was underscored by its renewed interest in Turkey’s membership bid, which had stalled for years as Turkish leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan exhibited increasingly authoritarian behavior. EU negotiators, seeking Turkey’s assistance in applied science help stemming the migrant flow to Europe, apparently turned a blind eye to paper, Erdogan’s repressive actions during 2015, including assaults on dialogue, critical media and indiscriminate military operations in urban areas in the southeast in literature advance of the November elections. In pursuit of false stability. While elections have served as an avenue to recovery for english dialogue essay oral test many ill-governed countries, several Eurasian states held national polls in literature paper 2015 that served as exhibitions of the unfettered power of longtime incumbents. Faced with slumping economies and security threats linked to foreign conflicts, these regimes sought to fortify themselves against any remaining opposition or dissent. In Tajikistan, for science coursework help example, the government of paper 1 igcse President Emomali Rahmon, who has ruled the country since 1992, ensured that the sat essay score of 10 good opposition Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT) lost all of literature 1 igcse its seats in legislative elections.

The authorities then intensified their assault on the party over the subsequent months, revoking its registration, detaining its leaders, and effectively incapacitating what had been Central Asia’s only legal Islamist political grouping. Tightly controlled legislative elections in Azerbaijan, which followed another year of intense suppression of civil society, resulted in a hollow victory for science coursework the ruling party, with most opposition groups boycotting the vote. President Ilham Aliyev’s government used the polls to paper 1 igcse, show its teeth to score of 10 good, the democratic world, barring several foreign journalists from covering the process and imposing restrictions on international observer groups that led some to suspend their monitoring missions. In contrast, a deeply flawed election in paper Belarus actually seemed to english dialogue test, improve President Alyaksandr Lukashenka’s standing with democratic powers. His release of political prisoners before the vote, and the absence of violence in its aftermath, eased the way for plans by the United States and the EUwavering in their determination to paper, press for english essay test true liberalizationto reduce sanctions against Belarusian individuals and entities. There is little chance that Lukashenka’s actions are signs of a genuine thaw. Rather, his gestures toward the West seem motivated by growing fears of Russian bellicosity and economic weakness.

Populists on the defensive, little progress in Cuba. There were several important developments in Latin America during 2015. First, although the populist left suffered major electoral reversals in Venezuela and Argentina, incumbent leaders in the region made clear their intention to paper, remain in find master power. Literature Paper! Thus in the wake of find master his party’s overwhelming defeat in literature 1 igcse Venezuela’s parliamentary elections, President Nicolás Maduro took steps to thesis, pack the Supreme Court and threatened to refuse to carry out decisions of the new legislative majority. In Ecuador, President Rafael Correa moved forward with a proposal to eliminate term limits and seek a fourth term in office in 1 igcse 2017. Similar plans were under way in Bolivia, and Nicaragua had already abolished term limits in 2014. Second, a number of regional heads of is an sat essay of 10 state were undermined by corruption scandals or an inability to stem violent crime. In Brazil, a democracy hard hit by literature paper the crash in commodities prices, President Dilma Rousseff faced impeachment efforts in the wake of a bribery scandal at test, the national oil company; Chile’s President Michelle Bachelet was seriously weakened by a corruption case that implicated her son; and Mexico’s President Enrique Peña Nieto was politically crippled due to a series of graft allegations and the persistence of organized crime in parts of the country. Finally, little progress was made toward democratic reform in Cuba despite the resumption of diplomatic relations with the United States.

There was a modest expansion of rights for religious believers and private business owners, and more Cubans exercised their new ability to 1 igcse, travel abroad. But the political system remained closed to all but Communist Party loyalists, and freedom of expression was highly restricted. Nor were prospects especially bright for is an score significant change in the immediate future. The administration of U.S. president Barack Obama urged patience with Cuba’s pace of political change, and negotiations between Washington and Havana concentrated on removing other roadblocks to literature paper 1 igcse, the lifting of the is an score of 10 American trade embargo. With additional input from Elen Aghekyan, Jennifer Dunham, Bret Nelson, Shannon O’Toole, Sarah Repucci, and Vanessa Tucker.

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10 Surprising Things Every Business Plan Should Include. It may be tempting to dive right in literature, when you have a great startup idea, but failing to create a detailed business plan is where many entrepreneurs go wrong. Applied Science Help? A solid business plan can be the difference between just an idea and a successful business. It allows you to 1 igcse set goals and determine how to realistically measure them. In the process of creating one, you develop an understanding of your market and the competition that is essay powerpoint presentation based on facts, not just hopes. We asked experts to help us create a business plan template to help you get started. Here are 10 unexpected items every business plan should have. [See Related Story: Simple Business Plan Templates for Entrepreneurs] If companies focus only on themselves in their business plan, they are making a big mistake. Businesses should use their business plan partly to address the competition and how their idea differs from what#39;s already out there, said Steve Martorelli, CEO of Turnkey Processing, a payment processing provider.

First, identify your X factor what can you do 10 times better than your competition? Martorelli said. Literature? Next, test your hypothesis by talking to potential customers. Do they value what you are proposing to offer them as much as you think they do? Finding the presentation answer to paper 1 igcse these two questions is the most important planning anyone can do. Presentation? Companies that value innovation must make it a priority from the literature paper start. Your business plan should highlight the ways in which your startup will be original and groundbreaking, said Amy Hutchens, business strategist and CEO of AmyK International, which specializes in executive development. Innovation must be a critical component of a student, every business plan, Hutchens said. By making innovation part of the literature 1 igcse plan, the process becomes intentional, not reactive or accidental, and sets the stage for a culture of creativity and innovation for the long run.

It is highly unlikely that everything about your business will go according to plan. Justin Palmer, founder and of 10 good president of literature 1 igcse, HomeLife Media, which operates pet-focused websites, said entrepreneurs should have a contingency plan that allows them to make any necessary business-model changes should something not go as anticipated. Powerpoint Presentation? An example of a contingency might be, #39;If we do not have 1,000 paying customers within six months of literature 1 igcse, operations, we need to shift product focus,#39; Palmer said. A metric such as this is especially vital if your business operates on the Web or builds software. A business plan is english great, but there#39;s no point in sticking with a failing plan for too long.

On the other hand, businesses also should prepare for unexpected success. Your business plan should account for normal scenarios as well as highly successful, best-case scenarios, said Elle Kaplan, CEO of LexION Capital Management. When I started my business, I was in no way prepared for the success and level of growth we obtained, Kaplan said. I should have planned bigger and prepared for faster growth versus being surprised and having to rework my plan. A typical business plan will discuss a company#39;s target market, usually in terms of demographic information such as age, gender and paper income level. However, businesses should consider looking even further to define their target customers by factors such as lifestyle, needs and good desires, said Amber Goodenough, co-founder of fourfour media, a Web design and 1 igcse development company. Thesis? Psychographics ? customer values, lifestyles, habits and interests ? give you a deeper insight into your customers#39; needs, wants and frustrations, which then helps you create products and services that really meet those needs and solve their problems, Goodenough said. The better you do that, the more money you make. Literature 1 Igcse? As social media remains a dominant force in marketing and essay presentation customer engagement, a business plan needs to literature highlight how the company will use social media to its strategic advantage, said Stephanie Ciccarelli, co-founder and chief brand officer at being a student nurse essay Voices.com, an online marketplace that connects businesses with voice-over talent. No business plan should be without a section dedicated to the use of [social media] as part of their marketing efforts and channel for supporting and engaging customers, Ciccarelli said.

These efforts may also tap into a company#39;s advertising, search engine optimization and customer service efforts. If your business is literature paper 1 igcse going to have employees, you#39;ll want to spell out how you#39;re going to keep them engaged and focused on their responsibilities, said Bill Rosenthal, CEO of Communispond, a provider of employee skills training. The plan must include ways to show employees [that] their well-being aligns with that of the company, Rosenthal said. Establish metrics for everyone#39;s performance, and dialogue test spell out the rewards for literature paper meeting the metrics. Although it may be the write good english essays last thing on your mind when starting a business, providing an exit strategy with your business plan can be a great help if you decide to sell the business later on. A well-researched exit strategy can also help you land investors, said Mike Scanlin, a venture capitalist and CEO of Born To Sell. As an early-stage company, you need to show investors a path to 10 times their investment, Scanlin said.

Make a list of exits mergers and acquisitions or IPOs [initial public offerings] in literature paper 1 igcse, your space . to help convince [investors] that if they invest in you, there are plenty of people who will want to buy you in three to seven years. One of the being a student nurse key challenges for 1 igcse businesses is actually implementing their plan, said Linda Pophal, author of The Complete Idiot#39;s Guide to Strategic Planning (Penguin, 2011). All business plans should include a guide to implementing the plan#39;s ideas, she said. Often, by the time the sat essay score good planning process is over, the team is exhausted and burned out, and they have a tendency to just go back to literature paper 1 igcse doing things the way they#39;ve always done them, said Pophal, who also serves as CEO of her company, Strategic Communications. Working out a detailed business plan won#39;t do much good if you and your employees don#39;t stick to it, so companies and employees should be committed to following the points included in a business plan, said Bob Shirilla, co-founder of online retail stores Keepsakes Etc. and Simply Bags. The business plan should include a signed commitment by being a student essay, the leadership team, Shirilla said. This ensures that the paper 1 igcse leaders understand and english dialogue will support the business plan.

Consensus decision making is key to 1 igcse moving a company forward. Many organizations fail to achieve their goals because of science, a lack of understanding and literature paper buy-in to applied science the plan.

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college essay going Nicholas Handler, is a junior at Yale University majoring in 1 igcse history. Handler is active in social justice organizations and hopes to become a human rights lawyer. I never expected to gain any new insight into the nature of find thesis, my generation, or the changing landscape of American colleges, in Lit Theory. Lit Theory is supposed to 1 igcse be the good, class where you sit at the back of the paper, room with every other jaded sophomore wearing skinny jeans, thick-framed glasses, an sat essay score good ironic tee-shirt and over-sized retro headphones, just waiting for lecture to be over so you can light up a Turkish Gold and walk to lunch while listening to Wilco.

That’s pretty much the way I spent the course, too: through structuralism, formalism, gender theory, and post-colonialism, I was far too busy shuffling through my iPod to see what the patriarchal world order of capitalist oppression had to do with Ethan Frome. But when we began to study postmodernism, something struck a chord with me and made me sit up and look anew at the seemingly blase college-aged literati of literature paper 1 igcse, which I was so self-consciously one. Letter: Fortunately, College Has Changed. This is in regard to your college essay contest that took place last year. The essay entitled Fortunately, College Has Changed by Matthew Bender from the University of Arkansas has several factual errors and insinuations. Then entire first and second paragraphs are neither chronologically or factually correct. How do I know that there are errors? Because I am Mervin Jebaraj, the person referred to in the opening paragraph. 1. A committee of students wrote the powerpoint, actual text of a proposed bill not a note.

The idea began in November of 2007 and not in the spring. 2. There was no staying up all night, and there was no on campus bbq. The committee obtained a meeting with Sen. Madison after a lot of work and paper 1 igcse didn’t just pass a note to nurse essay her. The committee also spent months working with her and literature paper other legislators. to see the resolution passed. We don’t appreciate the trivialising narrative of our work.

3. The resolution never asked for the creation of socially aware investments, the options already existed. 4. The conference I went to test was well after the divestment process and was to share ideas about divestment with others as opposed to receiving inspiration for divestment. 5. Literature 1 Igcse? There is an being essay implication that I was skinny dipping and smoking marijuana in Belize. Paper? Neither is true. I hold the New York times in the highest regard and dialogue essay oral test hope that you will take this seriously.

In the literature 1 igcse, future, I hope you check the. veracity of being, statements made before you publish them. Mervin Jebaraj, Research Assistant, Center for Business and Economic Research. Liz Addison , 38, is a biology major whose goal is to become a large animal veterinarian. She has trained a winning racehorse and is interested in American presidential history. Oh, the hand wringing. “College as America used to understand it is paper 1 igcse coming to dialogue oral an end,” bemoans Rick Perlstein and literature his beatnik friend of sat essay score of 10 good, fallen face. Those days, man, when a pretentious reading list was all it took to lift a child from suburbia. When jazz riffs hung in the dorm lounge air with the smoke of a thousand bongs, and college really mattered.

Really mattered? Rick Perlstein thinks so. It mattered so much to him that he never got over his four years at literature the University of write english, Privilege. Paper 1 Igcse? So he moved back to live in its shadow, like a retired ballerina taking a seat in the stalls. But when the curtain went up he saw students working and studying and working some more.

Adults before their time. Today, at the University of Privilege, the student applies with a Curriculum Vitae not a book list. Shudder. Frankie Thomas , is a junior majoring in cinema-television critical studies, with a minor in gender studies. Her immediate plans include dropping out at the end of the year to write and/or travel. She is a film maker and english dialogue essay a blogger, with interests ranging from the social history of the Victorian era to birdwatching to literature paper 1 igcse the novels of Dawn Powell.

I had the kind of college experience most people only dream about. Charged by the atmosphere of intellectual exploration, inspired by professors who pushed me farther than I’d ever imagined I could go, I made fascinating new friends at Skidmore; together we discovered Nabokov and how to write english Kafka, Citizen Kane and Dr. Strangelove, and paper 1 igcse our own literary voices. Being Nurse? It was a three-week summer program. I was fifteen. Now I’m twenty, halfway toward graduating from University of Southern California, and if I had a thousand dollars for every college student I know who Struggles With Depression…well, I still wouldn’t have enough money to pay my full tuition. Paper 1 Igcse? But it would keep me going for a semester or two, assuming I didn’t lose my own struggle and drop listlessly out. As our SATs would have put it, “depression” is to “college campus” as “consumption” is to “Victorian orphanage,” and is an sat essay score of 10 ours is a generation of wheezing waifs.

Max Lance , 23, is a freshman at USC’s School of Cinematic Arts, majoring in writing for film and television. He hopes to make his mark either with a “life-changing TV show” or by “marrying someone rich.” When I dropped out of college three years ago I would have completely agreed that college isn’t the paper 1 igcse, cultural experience that it was hyped up to science be. As I return this September, I’ve realized that it’s a good thing it isn’t. I completely agree that college as America used to literature paper 1 igcse know it has come to an end, but I believe that schools have changed for powerpoint, the better. The problem I had when I quit school the paper, first time around was that I never adjusted to how schools have changed. I dropped out because of my mislaid expectations; the same ones that Rick Perlstein is nostalgic for. English? I’m going back to school because I’ve realized what the college experience is like today and I’m now more than prepared to abuse it. Like nearly everyone in my graduating class, I attended higher education because that’s what we did next.

College seemed more like 13th grade rather than a place where I would be opened up to radical people and ways of paper, thinking. I spent my freshman and sophomore years doing what I needed to nurse essay do to get good grades because that’s all I had done since kindergarten. And even though I worked hard to earn a 3.7 GPA, I dropped out of New York University because of a complete lack of passion for what I was studying (journalism, via process of elimination). Travis Weinger , 21, is a senior majoring in history, with a concentration in war, revolution and social change. Paper 1 Igcse? His minor is political science. Being Nurse? He is a founder of the Triton, a newspaper at UCSD, and of the Symposium, an on-campus discussion group. Rick Perlstein’s article, boiled down, is simply an paper 1 igcse extended version of the bitching that every generation hears from the one that preceded it: “Back when I went to dialogue essay oral test school, we walked uphill in the snow both ways…” In sum, college mattered back when Mr. Perlstein went to it because that was when he went to it. Since college has changed from when he remembered it, he wants us to believe that it has somehow degenerated into irrelevance. The vast majority of Perlstein’s complaints fit under the above rubric. Literature? Our college experience is not as liberating as his was (no longer can we simply phone public intellectuals and bully them into visiting our dorms).

Our activists are not as radical as his were (we don’t take over enough buildings). Essay Presentation? Our connection to the Sixties isn’t as strong as his was (our band members aren’t former revolutionaries). We are not as alienated from society as he was (we engage our world, not whine about literature paper 1 igcse it). Perlstein’s claim that his experience was in some way both richer and harder than the next generation’s is an old one, and is continuously echoed by every generation. Is An Sat Essay Of 10 Good? Like most complaints of this type, it is largely groundless and mildly insulting.

To respond to it bit by bit would validate his nostalgic whining to a degree it does not deserve. The Cultural Contradictions of American Universities. For the past twenty to thirty years, we have seen the great degradation of post-secondary education. Conventional wisdom suggests that the problem lies simultaneously within the hands of the politicians and the students. This narrative does not account for the history of college. Throughout the paper, modern age, the applied science, role college played in the national debate was minimal. To this date, there has only been one president with a Ph.D., and both The New Deal and literature Truman’s Fair Deal did relatively little for find master, college and education in general (with the exception of the G.I. Bill). And even today, most candidates on both sides of the isle have the same prescription for college: the problem is 1 igcse lack of funding, therefore, the solution is to increase funding. It usually ends at that. In order to dialogue essay oral test find the literature, true crisis of college, we must first look at its true purpose.

A few months ago, Charles Murray wrote a controversial series of sat essay score of 10, columns in literature paper the Wall Street Journal arguing, not that college had been written out of the national debate, but that its role is too great. Essentially, too many people are going to english dialogue essay college who did not need college, but instead needed vocational training. There are serious problems with his logic to be sure, not the least of literature paper 1 igcse, which is a student essay his obvious IQ-ism. While it is literature paper true that college is in need of a student nurse essay, some serious reforming, focusing solely on IQ will not solve them, for IQ is not the only purpose of college. For example, there are, what a professor of mine called, “latent overtones.” That is, those unexpected, and unintended consequences of college learning. For example, one might discover a great philosopher that he’s never heard of, or another collegiate finds that they enjoy a field of study which they did not expect. Paper? But this is, of course, part of the intellectual journey of students. College exists not, as conventional wisdom suggests, to change the culture.

It exists to create a new breed of intellectuals. All politics aside, students should exit college not knowing simply what to think, but how to think. This is where Mr. Science? Murray and I agree. He hits the literature paper 1 igcse, nail on the head when he describes the purpose of college, that college is created to train the elites to powerpoint do their jobs. However, this purpose has been lost in a quagmire of watered-down curricula and fluff courses. And this brings us to literature paper the real problem of college: the science help, searing anti-intellectualism of the paper, youth. Education is the single most important factor in the growth of our country. Specifically, higher education paves a future and provides opportunity for students that attend college and gives them a shot at a career. 50 years ago, college was strictly for the elite, high class Americans.

Now, it seems that every common household has at least one family member attend college. But with the increasing drop out rate today, students seem less interested in learning at college and their priorities change from their original goal of find thesis, graduating. Literature 1 Igcse? The importance of education today is a growing factor because the future of this country depends on how to write good, the students in paper college today. College is misunderstood by many incoming freshman. A Student Essay? All of the television advertisements and literature 1 igcse billboards encouraging students to attend college are used as bait to science coursework reel in student’s tuition. Parents encourage their kids to attend college after graduating high school because they want to see their kids have a shot at success.

However, college is literature not cut out for everyone. More freshman than ever are dropping out after their first year because college can be overwhelming through everything that takes place within campus boundaries. The pressures of college whether it’s to impress parents or maintain a high GPA grasps hold of many students while they are in college, freezing them from work and attending class regularly. Back in the 50’s and 60’s when college was becoming so popular, people attended college solely to improve their education and score of 10 learn through the college experience, in paper hopes of obtaining a career after graduation. Now, people attend college because their friends or girlfriend go there. Many people attend college just to party as much as possible. Is An Of 10 Good? College can be misleading for paper 1 igcse, teenagers fresh out of high school, and people who feel that continuing their education isn’t the most important factor in attending college should not apply. College matters because without a thoroughly educated society, America would fall to essay oral its knees and regress into deep depression. Jobs would flounder because the people applying for them wouldn’t get accepted without college degrees. Pat Brown expanded university development in California in 1966 to encourage people of every social class to attend college and gain a higher education.

The reason for his rapid expansion was because the number of college students doubled from 1957 to 1967, and Brown decided in order to improve society and keep America running, more universities should be built to attract new students. However, in 1997, only 54 percent of literature paper 1 igcse, students that attended college as freshmen graduated with a degree six years later, 30 percent not even finishing their freshman year. Once students enroll in college, dropping out is the worst decision they can make. The opportunity cost of dropping can be detrimental to sat essay score a student’s financial standing. Dropping out also means dropping tuition, and students are often left with debt to pay off depending on literature paper, which year they dropped out. Entering in a low paying job, drop outs must slowly pay back student loans, which is why college is find master thesis so important to stick to literature paper 1 igcse and graduate once enrolled. The likelihood of write english, students being able to pay off student loans quickly after graduating is much greater than the likelihood of a drop out paying off loans. Drop outs sometimes will only make enough money per paycheck to literature paper pay off previous college debts, not leaving any left over cash for leisure activities. Once choosing the decision to attend college, remaining in college is the most important decision a student can make, in order to avoid living a below average lifestyle. Young adults are fed by change. No matter how resistant or welcoming I am to change, when all is said and done change sustains me.

Two years as an undergraduate student at Fordham University have been made slightly easier by how to write english essays, knowing this about myself, because college means change. Even with the still shrinking cyber community and the ‘real world’ opportunities offered to many young people today, nothing can replace the rush of change attached to the college experience. College students are encouraged to make noise. Literature Paper 1 Igcse? When interviewed by Rick Perlstein for an article entitled ‘What’s the powerpoint, Matter With College” students were very vocal. Hamilton Morris, a New York bred college student, described a college experience where many students hate school “with a passion” and “don’t leave”. 1 Igcse? Perlstein writes that Morris’s feelings are proof of science coursework, a “culture of enervation” which overwhelms many campuses today. Instead of literature paper, seeing what Perlstein describes, students without hope or the will to find pursue their studies, I see Morris as describing a culture of restlessness. Students who claim to hate college but still do not leave are experiencing a kind of restlessness which comes with the package.

Students experience change so quickly–changes of paper 1 igcse, passions, opinions and interests. They are bound to become restless, especially when the off-campus world is within arm’s length. I often smile to think the world is at how to write essays my fingertips when I am surfing the internet, but the truth is my fingers are touching my keyboard, and I am planted in my kitchen chair drinking Diet Coke. College offers me the opportunity to shake hands with the literature paper 1 igcse, leaders of business, art, science and medicine–something the internet can not give me. College professors do not want students to be excited about find master school and theory alone–they want them to literature paper 1 igcse take their passion into the world beyond the campus. I am not writing this commentary for my school newspaper. I am writing it for New York Times Magazine, a publication Journalism majors like me aspire to work for. How To Write Good English? College urges me to aspire, to voice my opinions, and yes, to change. The problem with colleges in literature the 21st century is convoluted with many deciding factors, resulting in a more complex position for current college students to experience, unlike any previous generation of college students. Applied Coursework Help? In my opinion, being a college graduate student and one who has been involved in my school, I can honestly say that the biggest problem with our generation is the sense of nihilism, which is plaguing the our very core of paper, our being. Find? It is literature paper important to realize that this comes not only from college campuses, but the society in general; people just don’t care.

If they do care and want to be involved, societal pressures, mostly economic, is how to write english what keeps them from being invoked with the literature 1 igcse, spirit of the previous generations. There seems to be no sense of find thesis, urgency when it comes to our generation. Nihilism will do that to everyone. I also find it interesting that the literature, people who do want to be involved do not necessarily know what to get involved with. In the applied help, 60s, it seemed to be clear cut what the problem was; racism, sexism, or the war in Vietnam. A contrast between the 60s generation and us now is that people do not what the problems really are. The mentality when speaking to college students; they seem to focus more on trying to get that 80K a year job then the socio-political issues affecting us. It is evident that we value the dollar more so than we value the human struggle.

So apathy also plays a role. Literature Paper 1 Igcse? It is science help important to realize that we must do something, otherwise everyone suffers. Sending your child to college is not an option in American society, and it’s hardly a privilege at that. In today’s fierce and fast paced world it is a necessity For most parents, thought goes into paper 1 igcse how they will even fund such a venture within the first few months of the child’s conception. College funds and how to english essays savings bonds, money from paper 1 igcse relatives and graduation parties, this all gets stored until an entire portion of that funding goes towards expensive college visits. Not only does the child want to go to college, that child has picked out 10 in which there is an orientation at each for is an sat essay of 10, prospective parents. They want to see where their money is going, as well as where their child will sleep, learn, and become the successful adult they were meant to be. What is paper wrong with college? As a successful student at a prominent Chicago school, I, for find master, one, have plenty of opinions on the matter. Let’s look at “our war” by first taking a retrospective glance at Vietnam.

My father, a student at the time of Vietnam, was a conservative at a very conservative Indiana school. He still wore his GDI shirt most days of the week and literature paper talked highly of the camaraderie between fellow students. There were protests that were actually allowed on his campus. When the students died in the Kent incident he remembers rallies against english essays the war in their honor. Paper 1 Igcse? He also remembers reading the names of the dead soldiers with the rest of his class, keeping in somber memory the fight his country was in.

Bands of students were scared, there was a draft in effect. Presentation? Everyone had war on paper, the mind and as those 18 year olds took on their first years of college, they had a lot more to worry about than where the essay, weekend’s keg party was taking place. They were learning, growing, and forming opinions on the world they were entering by paper, knowing their current events and being passionate about them. Of course, without the internet, their local papers brought them more world events and less Lindsay Lohan. Being passionate about the world takes a certain naivety that forms when someone does not already have the opinions of others so easily accessible. The internet has taken so much of this away from current students. In my experience, you only have to make a choice on master, which websites to read. Looking at our war today, many students walk away from paper it, choosing not even to recognize that it affects their daily world. Essay? There are many more cliques, many more places to falter, and many more reasons not to care. Hold a pen in front of you and literature 1 igcse look at it; notice its size and color in particular.

Now, slowly move it away until you have your arm fully extended. Notice anything different? Probably not, and that is how it should be. Applied Coursework? If we remember back to middle school science class, color is partially dependent upon paper the angle that light hits an object. But we just moved an thesis object, causing the angle to change from our perspective, and did not notice any change in color. The pen also moved further away without any apparent change in size. I forgot the intricate details that explain why this happens, something to do with a portion of the brain that keeps our perceptions fluid . What I do remember, and will never forget, is how cool this all seemed and how much more there is to the world when you get past the surface.

College is a pretty different place today than it was for my parents thirty years ago. Paper 1 Igcse? Then again, so were the two worlds in which we were raised. Most kids in my generation were not raised in the Sandlot. We did not hang out at the malt shop after school. Oral? And we definitely did not attend any sock hops (or if we did, best believe we did not call them that). Instead, we started out playing on literature paper, jungle gyms with woodchips and protective rubber flooring underneath. Thesis? Eventually, we found ourselves being chauffeured to organized baseball practice, in a minivan. Literature Paper? By high school, the importance of getting into a good college had been seared into us and serious attention had to be allocated toward after-school activities and applied science other kinds of enriching events to make sure that we were “well- rounded”. Here’s a fun game that anyone my age can play: ask your parents what they got on their SATs.

If they can, you win! Basically, it is like hitting the lottery, since your parents have to be like one out of a million. High school students in the 60’s did not pay $1,000 for an SAT class and definitely did not go to any Independent College Consultants. As Mr. Perlstein stated, college was seen as a place sort of apart from the rest of the world. Kids went there and paper 1 igcse were met with new people, ideas, and of 10 good situations. Back then, as I understand it, college was not seen as a stepping stone or a rung on the ladder. You did not go with the mindset that it was simply a means to paper 1 igcse end, a place to simply collect good grades and then experience the ‘director’s cut redux edition’ of college admissions in find master thesis the form of graduate school, an internship or a job. Why College Matters: A Response to “What’s the Matter With College” I suppose I should begin by saying that I don’t go to a real college. I mean, I don’t feel like I go to 1 igcse a real college.

I don’t take real classes. I don’t live on essay powerpoint presentation, a real campus. I’m a music major and attend the Peabody Institute in Baltimore, Maryland. Peabody is an established music conservatory, one of the schools of 1 igcse, Johns Hopkins University (despite what I say about it not being a “real” school). In his essay, Perlstein is making it seem that today’s college undergraduates and the ideals we pursue are somehow deficient. That we’re missing out. He’s especially concerned that we’re nothing like the students of the english dialogue oral test, 60s and paper 1 igcse 70s. He’s right about that, but that is nothing to english be ashamed of.

We’re students who want (or carry) the iPhone. We are environmental activists. We’re more technologically savvy than Perlstein’s generation. Paper? We get our information and communicate in a totally different way. We’re amazing jugglers. We’re a new breed. It is interesting to read that the defining issue for the 1966 California gubernatorial race was college.

For my sake, and I’m sure for the sake of a lot of my peers, I wish it were still that way. College sounded romantic and fun. My friends argue that things have changed in the past 40 years, and that there are bigger fish to fry. The war, for example. Making a living once college ends.

When they start complaining, however, about classes and stress, I ask them, “aren’t there bigger fish to fry?” at which they sigh outwardly, roll their eyes, and throw their hands up in the air. I understand where their frustration lies. English Dialogue Test? We still feel young in literature paper the scheme of things, and not ready to being a student plan out literature 1 igcse, our lives after college. It feels like we’ve been doing nothing but planning since freshman year of english dialogue, high school. Who has time to worry anyway? Right now, I am worrying if I have enough money to pay the rent this month. Many of my classmates worry how to literature 1 igcse pay for the next semester. To be honest, when it came to essay college, most of us never really had a choice. Where I grew up, in Greenwich, Connecticut, there was never the option of “college vs. no college.” The choice was “Ivy League vs. state school,” or something along those lines.

The whole getting-ready-for-college experience was important. As you thumb these pages, reader, loyal subscriber, conscious citizen with an appetite for inquiry and thoughtfulness, or may I say fellow American, you tell yourself that you want to sample a young student’s intellect. Certainly I do believe that my own college experience has been important, even critical, to my life and to my thoughts here and literature now, but young and impressionable does not necessarily partner with a tame, meaningful sense of hindsight… My college experience has fostered some growth. But for the nation? Lend me some relevance. Am I to accurately describe my confusion with you over coffee to english oral test tell you how this all breaks down–I fit in the puzzle and I’m one of the corners, right?

Politics. We don’t have movements, and we don’t have causes. A choice between higher education and higher purpose has been made; show me one text message, fellow student, that you have wanted the whole country to read. Children live at school. Especially if they don’t have much of a home life to literature paper live in the afternoon or evening, kids live and learn at school. College isn’t so different, only first graders aren’t expected to shape up all by themselves when they appear to be wasting time. Oh, college students aren’t either? Pity. I guess higher education isn’t all that important. Maybe the problems of higher education are just fronds atop a mirage of public schooling.

Talk to Herbert Kohl, Jonathan Kozol, John Taylor Gatto, men who are trying to wake this country up, and they’ll show you what’s happening to my younger brothers and sisters. Content in the shade, college students loaf, while in more dangerous environs, under the pretext that they are to learn, children sit down in their desks each morning in the arms of a crumbling system. In college, we choose to sleep in, not to participate, excel, regress, etc. If higher education is important to the nation, why don’t more people act like it? Better yet, if education is find master so important to the nation’s future, why is it neglected? Important as it is, I feel proud to remember the words of Thomas Jefferson, who often can remind us of politicians’ and citizens’ true responsibilities: “It is highly interesting to our country, and it is the duty of its functionaries, to provide that every citizen in it should receive an education proportioned to literature 1 igcse the condition and pursuits of his life.” He speaks to sat essay good the politician, tells him to 1 igcse take a good look at his fellow Americans. What sort of education will he provide to match the condition, the quality of life?

If the quality be poor, will he stick to poor schooling until lifestyles rise to the occasion? Try downtown Anywhere, where elementary schools have been forced to remove social studies and arts in master thesis favor of apparently year-round test preparation, for standards in English and mathematics. Literature Paper? The “need to know” world and the world of standardization are one in the same, and columns of darkened bubbles are in no short supply, though there’s still a need to live. The Problem with College: Why We No Longer See Ourselves As “Part of” a Community. One anomaly of American society is that our universities play only a marginal role in presentation our culture. 1 Igcse? In other nations, like France where intellectual life is not centered on essay, their institutions of paper 1 igcse, education, this may come as no surprise, but the virtues of American universities are indisputable.

Academics wonder why they are allowed to nurse be the nation’s intellectual leaders, but not its leaders, or even advisors, in the political or ethical arenas. Some are resentful of the mainstream society, thinking it apostate, as though they were priests of some outworn creed, but this alienation, which has developed in tandem with the evolution of academia, did not come because the society rejected the university as a social or moral authority, but rather because the university ran out 1 igcse, of the energy it took to function in is an score of 10 this role. This occurred, at least partially, because those of us in college found that the values we shared were not strong enough to unite us. From the time of Plato, the literature paper 1 igcse, purpose of the university has not been to represent the how to write english essays, society or culture in which it exists but to pursue truth. Paper 1 Igcse? Most academics, who may disagree on presentation, what truth is in literature paper essence, would agree that it is a noble and worthy objective.

And, since truth is their goal, many of them think themselves justified in being alienated from how to good english mainstream society. This does not mean their views are homogenous; I can testify that, at the University of Idaho (to name one example), the politics of professors in the College of Business are not shared by the English instructors; but what the two departments have in common is their distance from America’s political center. This is largely because specialists in literature any field, whether that field is philosophy or political science, tend to essay powerpoint presentation feel invalidated if anyone could reach the same conclusions that they do. It is a telling fact that, at least until recent years, there was a higher percentage of literature paper, self-described Marxist literary critics than blue-color workers. Nonetheless, this desire for academic innovation benefits the university in that it makes professors’ research original; it is for this reason that, whenever universities are rated according to prestige, the find master, United States constantly is found to have the greatest number of prestigious institutions. Even so, there is another facet to literature 1 igcse a professor’s job, teaching. This requirement creates a dilemma for many professors: their strenuous educations and meticulous research has caused many of them to become opinionated, but, at the same time, they need to keep their students pacified while educating them in accordance with principles which the students may not share. Thus, they (and the students) learn that it is easier to ignore worldview-related issues. In searching for the least common ethical denominator among the group, the instructors and the instructed clandestinely agree that the values which they hold as specific to their Weltanschauungs do not apply to applied help everyone, and, if they do, the literature 1 igcse, value of essay powerpoint presentation, placidity applies even more. As Allan Bloom wrote in 1987, “[A]lmost every student entering the university . Literature? . . says he believes . . Is An Sat Essay Score Good? . that truth is relative” (1). While this outlook may work in literature paper as far as it prevents conflicts, it is an ineffective communal bond.

This is being a student nurse because the values of the classroom are provisional and–most students cannot help but feel–artificial. Literature? They haven’t the master, power to unite the students and faculty in a community, which requires common interests and mores. In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the United States to respond. Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to literature 1 igcse understand it is english coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by literature 1 igcse, their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)

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Design – Built-in resume templates take care of formatting and is an of 10 design. Resume samples – Compare your resume against samples. Literature 1 Igcse. Resume analytics – Find out if your resume is being viewed and downloaded. … but keep in mind. As powerful a tool as resume builders can be, they are still best treated as first drafts. Score Of 10. The algorithms resume builders use are able to incorporate basic syntax and industry jargon. They do not, however, always sound natural. As Brenda Barron pointed out at business.tutsplus.com, “Using canned sentences can seem like keyword stuffing.” Resumes serve two functions. Paper 1 Igcse. Their overt function is to list your skills, experience, and education. But their covert function is to show prospective employers how well you communicate, as well as your communication style.

Because of this, you need to edit your resume so that it sounds close to your natural, professional speaking voice. If you feel a resume builder is the tool for english essay you, see this page to literature, find an online resume builder. Starting off on write english essays the right foot. A resume cover letter needs to do more than introduce you and highlight some of your skills. It needs to be engaging, well crafted, and well researched. It needs to paper 1 igcse, avoid sounding like a hard sell while still selling you to thesis, the company. If a resume is a list of your accomplishments, then its cover letter is where you get to tell the literature paper 1 igcse, story of how you achieved those accomplishments. Use it to explain how your experiences will benefit the company. Tell the potential employer why this job is important to test, you. To help you avoid some common pitfalls and maximize the literature paper 1 igcse, potential of your application, experts agree that you should consider the following guidelines. Don’t skimp – While not all hiring managers read cover letters, they are not a waste of time.

Just having one could increase your chances of getting a job interview—even if the being nurse, employer doesn’t read it. And if the hiring committee has a tough choice between you and a few other applicants, then a cover letter can be what separates you from your competitors. Keep it brief – And the shorter the better. According to a resume survey of literature 1 igcse, employers in Orange County, California, “Nearly 70% of employers want either a half page cover letter or ‘the shorter the better’ approach.” But there is some leeway here. If the position or your experiences warrant it, then using more than half a page would be fine.

Just make sure it’s well crafted. If possible, create a narrative – Especially when experience or the english essay test, position warrants a longer cover letter—executive resumes, for example—make it tell a story. The narrative structure is a powerful device, and if you can use context, conflict, and literature 1 igcse resolution, then the reader won’t care that it is long. For a resume, a narrative’s context might be your work history. The conflict may be experiences you’ve had in the past that left you wanting to do more than your previous position allowed. And the resolution could be getting this new job. Do your research – Research each company you apply to, and craft a new cover letter for each of them. With social media, this is far easier than it used to be. Follow accounts of the company and its executives on essay presentation Twitter, Facebook, and literature 1 igcse LinkedIn to study their content and the culture. Focus on details – Make sure that every word is essential.

Use a spelling and grammar checker and being a student nurse writing apps. 1 Igcse. Ask someone else to read it and give you advice. Read from the end to the beginning and science coursework help use other editing and proofreading tips. Learn how to format a resume by literature 1 igcse, making the how to write, most of Microsoft Word’s features. Our short video tutorials will teach you some basic formatting tips and tricks. How to use paragraph styles and themes How to change header, footer, margins, and page size How to fit resume text on one page, and how to remove blank pages How to customize tabs, text boxes and literature tables How to score, add and remove sections. Please keep in mind that:

All files are compatible with Microsoft Word, and many of paper, them will work in other applications such as Mac Pages, Google Docs and OpenOffice. We create our templates in how to english, Microsoft Office 2010 and literature 1 igcse we use Microsoft Word default fonts. If you do not have these fonts installed or use a different operating system, our templates might look different on your computer. Oral Test. We use text styles and built-in color schemes to literature paper 1 igcse, create our templates. Master. Knowing how to use paragraph styles will ease the process of modifying a template. Paper. While most resumes are US Letter size, some are A4. You can change the page size to sat essay score, make it compatible with the paper 1 igcse, size used in your country.

For creative designs with colored backgrounds, consider setting the page color to is an sat essay of 10 good, “none” and literature paper print on a high-quality colored paper. If the design requires borderless printing, a local print shop can help you if that feature is unavailable on your home printer. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST. 2017 Bold Limited. All rights reserved.

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