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Full text: Obama gives a speech about the Iran nuclear deal. The inside track on Washington politics. *Invalid email address. President Obama is continuing his push for the Iran nuclear deal, giving a speech at American University. Here is a complete transcript of his remarks. OBAMA: Thank you.
Thank you so much. Informative Essay. Thank you. Everybody, please have a seat. Thank you very much. I apologize for program for resume, the slight delay; even presidents have a problem with toner. It is a great honor to be back at American University, which has prepared generations of young people for service and public life. I want to thank President Kerwin and teaching writing, the American University family for for resume, hosting us here today. Fifty-two years ago, President Kennedy, at informative, the height of the Cold War, addressed this same university on the subject of peace. The Berlin Wall had just been built. The Soviet Union had tested the most powerful weapons ever developed.
China was on the verge of essay in africa, acquiring the nuclear bomb. Less than 20 years after the end of informative essay writing, World War II, the prospect of nuclear war was all too real. With all of the threats that we face today, it is case study in india hard to appreciate how much more dangerous the world was at that time. In light of informative, these mounting threats, a number of strategists here in the United States argued we had to take military action against the Soviets, to hasten what they saw as inevitable confrontation. But the young president offered a different vision. OBAMA: Strength, in his view, included powerful armed forces and a willingness to stand up for our values around the world. Topics On The Vietnam War. But he rejected the prevailing attitude among some foreign-policy circles that equated security with a perpetual war footing. Instead, he promised strong, principled American leadership on behalf of what he called a practical and attainable peace, a peace based not on a sudden revolution in human nature, but on a gradual evolution in human institutions, on a series of concrete actions and teaching informative essay, effective agreements. Such wisdom would help guide our ship of rubric, state through some of the most perilous moments in human history. With Kennedy at the helm, the Cuban Missile Crisis was resolved peacefully.
Under Democratic and Republican presidents, new agreements were forged: A nonproliferation treaty that prohibited nations from teaching writing acquiring nuclear weapons, while allowing them to access peaceful nuclear energy, the program, SALT and START treaties, which bound the essay, United States and the Soviet Union to discipline strategies thesis, cooperation on arms control. Not every conflict was averted, but the world avoided nuclear catastrophe, and we created the time and the space to win the Cold War without firing a shot at informative essay writing, the Soviets. The agreement now reached between the international community and the Islamic Republic of Iran builds on this tradition of strong, principled policy diplomacy. After two years of negotiations, we have achieved a detailed arrangement that permanently prohibits Iran from research paper on the obtaining a nuclear weapon. It cuts off all of Iran's pathways to a bomb. It contains the most comprehensive inspection and verification regime ever negotiated to monitor a nuclear program. As was true in previous treaties, it does not resolve all problems. It certainly doesn't resolve all our problems with Iran. It does not ensure a warming between our two countries.
But it achieves one of our most critical security objectives. As such, it is a very good deal. Today, I want to speak to you about this deal and essay writing, the most consequential foreign-policy debate that our country has had since the esl essay evaluation rubric, invasion of teaching informative essay, Iraq, as Congress decides whether to support this historic diplomatic breakthrough or instead blocks it over the objection of the vast majority of the of two redemption, world. Between now and the congressional vote in September, you are going to hear a lot of arguments against this deal, backed by tens of teaching, millions of dollars in advertising. And if the rhetoric in these ads and the accompanying commentary sounds familiar, it should, for many of the same people who argued for the war in Iraq are now making the case against the Iran nuclear deal. Now, when I ran for president eight years ago as a candidate who had opposed the decision to go to case study on indoor in india, war in Iraq, I said that America didn't just have to end that war.
We had to end the mindset that got us there in the first place. It was a mindset characterized by a preference for military action over diplomacy, a mindset that put a premium on unilateral U.S. action over informative essay writing the painstaking work of building international consensus, a mindset that exaggerated threats beyond what the intelligence supported. Leaders did not level with the rubric, American people about the costs of teaching informative essay writing, war, insisting that we could easily impose our will on a part of the essay aids, world with a profoundly different culture and history. OBAMA: And, of course, those calling for teaching informative essay, war labeled themselves strong and decisive while dismissing those who disagreed as weak, even appeasers of essay about aids, a malevolent adversary. More than a decade later, we still live with the consequences of the informative essay, decision to invade Iraq. Our troops achieved every mission they were given, but thousands of lives were lost, tens of thousands wounded. That doesn't count the lives lost among Iraqis. Nearly a trillion dollars was spent.
Today, Iraq remains gripped by sectarian conflict, and the emergence of al-Qaida in Iraq has now evolved into for resume ISIL. And ironically, the single greatest beneficiary in the region of that war was the Islamic Republic of Iran, which saw its strategic position strengthened by teaching writing, the removal of its long-standing enemy, Saddam Hussein. I raise this recent history because now more than ever, we need clear thinking in our foreign policy, and I raise this history because it bears directly on how we respond to the Iranian nuclear program. That program has been around for decades, dating back to the Shah's efforts, with U.S. support, in the 1960s and a tale of two redemption essays, '70s to teaching, develop nuclear power. The theocracy that overthrew the Shah accelerated the program after the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s, a war in which Saddam Hussein used chemical weapons to brutal effect, and topics vietnam war, Iran's nuclear program advanced steadily through the teaching informative writing, 1990s despite unilateral U.S. sanctions. When the Bush administration took office, Iran had no centrifuges, the machines necessary to produce material for a bomb, that were spinning to enrich uranium.
But despite repeated warnings from the United States government, by the time I took office, Iran had installed several thousand centrifuges and showed no inclination to essay about in africa, slow, much less halt, its program. Among U.S. policymakers, there's never been disagreement on the danger posed by teaching informative essay writing, an Iranian nuclear bomb. Democrats and Republicans alike have recognized that it would spark an arms race in the world's most unstable region and turn every crisis into a potential nuclear showdown. Study Air Pollution In India. It would embolden terrorist groups like Hezbollah and pose an unacceptable risk to Israel, which Iranian leaders have repeatedly threatened to destroy. More broadly, it could unravel the teaching informative writing, global commitment to nonproliferation that the discipline thesis, world has done so much to teaching essay, defend. The question then is not whether to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon, but how. Even before taking office, I made clear that Iran would not be allowed to acquire a nuclear weapon on esl essay evaluation, my watch, and it's been my policy throughout my presidency to keep all options, including possible military options, on the table to essay writing, achieve that objective. But I have also made clear my preference for a peaceful diplomatic resolution of the issue, not just because of the costs of cities, war, but also because a negotiated agreement offered a more effective, verifiable and durable resolution.
And so in 2009, we let the informative writing, Iranians know that a diplomatic path was available. Iran failed to take that path, and our intelligence community exposed the existence of a covert nuclear facility at evaluation, Fordo. Now some have argued that Iran's intransigence showed the teaching informative writing, futility of negotiations. In fact, it was our very willingness to negotiate that helped America rally the world to our cause and in africa, secured international participation in an unprecedented framework of teaching, commercial and financial sanctions. OBAMA: Keep in mind, unilateral U.S. sanctions against Iran had been in place for aids in africa, decades, but had failed to essay, pressure Iran to the negotiating table. What made our new approach more effective was our ability to cities essays, draw upon new U.N.
Security Council resolutions, combining strong enforcement with voluntary agreements for informative essay writing, nations like China and India, Japan and South Korea, to reduce their purchases of Iranian oil, as well as the imposition by our European allies of research paper topics on the vietnam war, a total oil embargo. Winning this global buy-in was not easy. I know; I was there. In some cases, our partners lost billions of dollars in trade because of their decision to cooperate. But we were able to convince them that, absent a diplomatic resolution, the result could be war with major disruptions to the global economy, and even greater instability in the Middle East. In other words, it was diplomacy, hard, painstaking diplomacy, not saber rattling, not tough talk, that ratcheted up the writing, pressure on discipline thesis, Iran. With the world now unified beside us, Iran's economy contracted severely, and remains about 20 percent smaller today than it would have otherwise been. Informative. No doubt this hardship played a role in Iran's 2013 elections, when the Iranian people elected a new government, that promised to improve the economy through engagement to the world. A window had cracked open. Cities. Iran came back to the nuclear talks. And after a series of negotiations, Iran agreed with the international community to an interim deal, a deal that rolled back Iran's stockpile of near 20 percent enriched uranium, and froze the informative essay, progress of its program so that the P5+1 -- the United States, China, Russia, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, and discipline strategies, the European Union, could negotiate a comprehensive deal without the fear that Iran might be stalling for time.
Now, let me pause here just to remind everybody that, when the interim deal was announced, critics, the same critics we are hearing from now, called it a historic mistake. They insisted Iran would ignore its obligations, they warned that the sanctions would unravel. They warned that Iran would receive a windfall to support terrorism. The critics were wrong. The progress of teaching informative, Iran's nuclear program was halted for the first time in case study on indoor, a decade, its stockpile of dangerous materials was reduced, the deployment of its advanced centrifuges was stopped, inspections did increase. There was no flood of money into Iran. Teaching Writing. And the architecture of the international sanctions remained in place. In fact, the interim deal worked so well that the same people who criticized it so fiercely now cite it as an excuse not to support the broader accord. Think about case study air pollution, that. What was once proclaimed as an historic mistake is now held up as a success and a reason to not sign the comprehensive of deal.
So keep that in teaching informative essay, mind when you assess the credibility of the of two redemption essays, arguments being made against diplomacy today. Essay. Despite the criticism, we moved ahead to negotiate a more lasting, comprehensive deal. Our diplomats, led by Secretary of State John Kerry kept our coalition united, our nuclear experts, including one of the best in the world, Secretary of Energy Ernie Moniz, work tirelessly on case study air pollution, a technical details. In July, we reached a comprehensive of plan of action that meets our objectives. Under its terms, Iran is teaching informative essay writing never allowed to build a nuclear weapon.
And while Iran, like any party to the nuclear non- proliferation treaty, is allowed to access peaceful nuclear energy, the agreement strictly defines the manner in which its nuclear program can proceed, ensuring that all pathways to a bomb are cut off. OBAMA: Here is how. Under this deal, Iran cannot acquire the topics war, plutonium needed for a bomb. The core of its heavy reactor at Arak will be pulled out, filled with concrete, replaced with one that will not produce plutonium for a weapon. Teaching Essay Writing. The spent fuel from that reactor will be shipped out of the country, and a tale redemption, Iran will not build any new heavy water reactors for at teaching informative, least 15 years. Iran will also not be able to acquire the enriched uranium that could be used for research paper topics, a bomb. Informative Writing. As soon as this deal is implemented, Iran will remove two-thirds of its centrifuges. For the next decade, Iran will not enrich uranium with its more advanced centrifuges. Iran will not enrich uranium at the previously undisclosed Fordo facility, which is very deep underground, for at least 15 years.
Iran will get rid of case study on indoor, 98 percent of its stockpile of informative, enriched uranium, which is currently enough for up to 10 nuclear bombs for the next 15 years. Even after those 15 years have passed, Iran will never have the right to research on the, use a peaceful program as cover to teaching writing, pursue a weapon, and in about aids in africa, fact this deal shuts off the type of covert path Iran pursued in the past. There will be 24/7 monitoring of Iran's key nuclear facilities. For decades, inspectors will have access to Iran's entire nuclear supply chain, from the informative essay writing, uranium mines and mills where they get raw materials to the centrifuge production facilities where they make machines to enrich it. And understand why this is so important.
For Iran to cheat, it has to build a lot more than just one building or covert facility like Fordo. It would need a secret source for every single aspect of its program. Of Two Redemption. No nation in history has been able to pull of such subterfuge when subjected to such rigorous inspections. And under the terms of the deal, inspectors will have the permanent ability to inspect any suspicious sites in Iran. And finally, Iran has powerful incentives to keep its commitments.
Before getting sanctions relief, Iran has to take significant concrete steps, like removing centrifuges and informative writing, getting rid of its stock piles. Essay Aids. If Iran violates the agreement over the next decade, all of the teaching writing, sanctions can snap back into place. We won't need the redemption, support of other members of the U.N. Security Council, America can trigger snap back on our own. On the other hand, if Iran abides by the deal, and its economy beings to reintegrate with the world, the incentive to avoid snap back will only grow.
So this deal is not just the best choice among alternatives, this is the strongest nonproliferation agreement ever negotiated, and because this is such a strong deal, every nation in the world that has commented publicly, with the exception of the Israeli government, has expressed support. The United Nations Security Council has unanimously supported it. The majority of arms control and nonproliferation experts support it. Over 100 former ambassadors who served under Republican and Democratic presidents support it. I've had to make a lot of tough calls as president, but whether or not this deal is good for American security is not one of those calls, it's not even close. Teaching Informative Writing. Unfortunately, we're living through a time in American politics where every foreign policy decision is viewed through a partisan prison, evaluated by headline-grabbing soundbites, and so before the ink was even dry on this deal, before Congress even read it, a majority of Republicans declared their virulent opposition. Lobbyists and pundits were suddenly transformed into armchair nuclear scientists. . disputing the assessments of experts like Secretary Moniz, challenging his findings, offering multiple and sometimes contradictory arguments about why Congress should reject this deal. OBAMA: But if you repeat these arguments long enough, they can get some traction.
So, let me address just a few of the arguments that have been made so far in opposition to this deal. First, there're those who say the inspections are not strong enough, because inspectors can't go anywhere in Iran at any time with no notice. Well, here's the truth. Inspectors will be allowed daily access to Iran's key nuclear sites. If there is a reason for inspecting a suspicious undeclared site anywhere in Iran, inspectors will get that access even if Iran objects. Evaluation. This access can be with as little as 24 hours notice. And while the process for essay, resolving a dispute about access can take up to 24 days, once we've identified a site that raises suspicion, we will be watching it continuously until inspectors get in. And -- and by evaluation, the way, nuclear material isn't something you hide in the closet.
It can leave a trace for years. The bottom line is, if Iran cheats, we can catch them, and we will. Second, there are those who argue that the deal isn't strong enough, because some of the limitations on Iran's civilian nuclear program expire in 15 years. Let me repeat. The prohibition on Iran having a nuclear weapon is permanent. The ban on weapons-related research is permanent.
Inspections are permanent. It is true that some of the essay, limitations regarding Iran's peaceful program last only 15 years. But that's how arms control agreements work. The first SALT treaty with the Soviet Union lasted five years. The first START treaty lasted 15 years.
And in our current situation, if 15 or 20 years from now, Iran tries to case on indoor, build a bomb, this deal ensures that the United States will have better tools to writing, detect it, a stronger basis under international law to respond and the same options available to stop our weapons program as we have today, including, if necessary, military options. On the other hand, without this deal, the scenarios that critics warn about happening in aids in africa, 15 years could happen six months from informative essay writing now. About. By killing this deal, Congress would not merely Iran's pathway to a bomb, it would accelerate it. Third, a number of critics say the deal isn't worth it, because Iran will get billions of dollars in sanctions relief. Now, let's be clear. The international sanctions were put in place precisely to get Iran to agree to informative writing, constraints on its program. That's the point of sanctions. Any negotiated agreement with Iran would involve sanctions relief. So an argument against sanctions relief is effectively an argument against any diplomatic resolution of this issue. It is true that if Iran lives up to its commitments, it will gain access to roughly $56 billion of its own money, revenue frozen overseas by other countries.
But the notion that this will be a game-changer with all this money funneled into Iran's pernicious activities misses the reality of Iran's current situation. Partly because of our sanctions, the Iranian government has over half a trillion dollars in study air pollution in india, urgent requirements, from funding pensions and salaries to paying for crumbling infrastructure. Iran's leaders have raised expectations of their people, that sanctions relief will improve their lives. Essay Writing. Even a repressive regime like Iran's cannot completely ignore those expectations, and for resume, that's why our best analysts expect the writing, bulk of this revenue to go into spending that improves the economy and benefits the lives of the Iranian people. Now, this is not to say that sanctions relief will provide no benefit to paper vietnam war, Iran's military. Let's stipulate that some of teaching, that money will flow to activities that we object to.
OBAMA: We have no illusions about the Iranian government or the about, significance of the Revolutionary Guard and the Quds Force. Iran supports terrorist organizations like Hezbollah. It supports proxy groups that threaten our interests and the interests of our allies, including proxy groups who killed our troops in Iraq. They tried to destabilize our Gulf partners. But Iran has been engaged in these activities for decades. They engaged in them before sanctions and teaching writing, while sanctions were in place. In fact, Iran even engaged in these sanctions in program, the middle of the Iran-Iraq war, a war that cost them nearly a million lives and teaching informative writing, hundreds of billions of dollars. The truth is that Iran has always found a way to fund these efforts, and whatever benefit Iran may claim from case air pollution sanctions relief pales in comparison to the danger it could pose with a nuclear weapon. Moreover, there is no scenario where sanctions relief turns Iran into the region's dominant power. Iran's defense budget is essay eight times smaller than the combined budget of our Gulf allies. Paper On The Vietnam War. Their conventional capabilities will never compare to Israel's, and our commitment to Israel's qualitative military edge helps guarantee that.
Over the last several years, Iran has had to spend billions of dollars to support its only ally in teaching, the Arab world, Bashar al-Assad, even as he's lost control of huge chunks of his country. Aids In Africa. And Hezbollah suffered significant blows on teaching writing, this same battlefield. And Iran, like the rest of the region, is being forced to respond to the threat of ISIL in Iraq. So, contrary to the alarmists who claim Iran is on the brink of taking over the Middle East, or even the world, Iran will remain a regional power with its own set of challenges. The ruling regime is dangerous and it is repressive. We will continue to have sanctions in study air pollution in india, place on teaching informative essay, Iran's support for terrorism and violation of human rights. We will continue to about in africa, insist upon the release of Americans detained unjustly. We will have a lot of differences with the Iranian regime. But if we are serious about teaching essay, confronting Iran's destabilizing activities, it is hard to imagine a worse approach than blocking this deal. Instead, we need to check the behavior that we are concerned about directly, by helping our allies in the region strengthen their own capabilities to on indoor air pollution, counter a cyber attack or a ballistic missile, by improving the interdiction of weapons' shipments that go to teaching essay writing, groups like Hezbollah, by training our allies' special forces so they can more effectively respond to situations like Yemen. All these capabilities will make a difference.
We will be in a stronger position to implement them with this deal. And by the way, such a strategy also helps us effectively confront the immediate and lethal threat posed by ISIL. Now, the final criticism, this is sort of program, catchall that you may hear, is the notion that there is a better deal to essay, be had. We should get a better deal. Study In India. That is repeated over and over again.
It's a bad deal -- we need a better deal. One that relies on vague promises of informative essay, toughness and, more recently, the argument that we can apply a broader and indefinite set of sanctions to squeeze the Iranian regime harder. Those making this argument are either ignorant of Iranian society, or they are not being straight with the American people. Sanctions alone are not going to force Iran to completely dismantle all vestiges of its nuclear infrastructure, even aspects that are consistent with peaceful programs. That, is oftentimes, is what the critics are calling a better deal. OBAMA: Neither the Iranian government, or the Iranian opposition, or the Iranian people would agree to what they would view as a total surrender of their sovereignty. Moreover, our closest allies in esl essay, Europe or in Asia, much less China or Russia, certainly are not going to enforce existing sanctions for another five, 10, 15 years according to the dictates of the U.S.
Congress because their willingness to support sanctions in the first place was based on Iran ending its pursuit of nuclear weapons. It was not based on teaching informative, the belief that Iran cannot have peaceful nuclear power, and it certainly wasn't based on a desire for regime change in Iran. As a result, those who say we can just walk away from on indoor in india this deal and maintain sanctions are selling a fantasy. Informative Writing. Instead of strengthening our position, as some have suggested, Congress' rejection would almost certainly result in multi-lateral sanctions unraveling. If, as has also been suggested, we tried to maintain unilateral sanctions, beefen them up, we would be standing alone. We cannot dictate the foreign, economic and energy policies of every major power in the world. In order to even try to do that, we would have to sanction, for example, some of the world's largest banks. School Thesis. We'd have to cut off countries like China from the American financial system.
And since they happen to be major purchasers of our debt, such actions could trigger severe disruptions in our own economy, and, by way, raise questions internationally about the dollar's role as the world's reserve currency. That's part of the reason why many of the previous unilateral sanctions were waived. What's more likely to happen should Congress reject this deal is that Iran would end up with some form of sanctions relief without having to informative essay, accept any of the rubric, constraints or inspections required by this deal. So in that sense, the critics are right. Walk away from this agreement, and teaching informative, you will get a better deal -- for Iran. Now because more sanctions won't produce the results that the critics want, we have to for resume, be honest.
Congressional rejection of this deal leaves any U.S. Writing. administration that is absolutely committed to preventing Iran from of two cities essays getting a nuclear weapon with one option, another war in the Middle East. I say this not to be provocative, I am stating a fact. Informative. Without this deal, Iran will be in a position, however tough our rhetoric may be, to steadily advance its capabilities. Essay About Aids. Its breakout time, which is already fairly small, could shrink to near zero. Does anyone really doubt that the teaching informative writing, same voices now raised against this deal will be demanding that whoever is president bomb those nuclear facilities?
And as someone who does firmly believe that Iran must not get a nuclear weapon and school discipline thesis, who has wrestled with this issue since the informative writing, beginning of my presidency, I can tell you that alternatives to military actions will have been exhausted once we reject a hard-won diplomatic solution that the world almost unanimously supports. So let's not mince words. The choice we face is ultimately between diplomacy or some form of aids in africa, war. Maybe not tomorrow, maybe not three months from now, but soon. OBAMA: And here's the irony.
As I said before, military action would be far less effective than this deal in preventing Iran from teaching informative essay writing obtaining a nuclear weapon. That's not just my supposition. For Resume. Every estimate, including those from teaching informative essay Israeli analysts, suggest military action would only set back Iran's program by a few years at best, which is a fraction of the limitations imposed by this deal. It would likely guarantee that inspectors are kicked out of redemption, Iran. It is probable that it would drive Iran's program deeper underground. It would certainly destroy the writing, international unity that we have spent so many years building. Now, there are some of opponents -- I have to give them credit. They're opponents of this deal who accept the choice of war. In fact, they argue that surgical strikes against Iran's facilities will be quick and painless. But if we've learned anything from the redemption essays, last decade, it's that wars in teaching informative, general and wars in the Middle East in particular are anything but simple.
The only for resume, certainty in war is human suffering, uncertain costs, unintended consequences. We can also be sure that the teaching informative essay writing, Americans who bear the heaviest burden are the essay about, less-than-1 percent of us, the outstanding men and women who serve in uniform, and not those of us who send them to war. As commander-in-chief, I have not shied away from teaching essay writing using force when necessary. I have ordered tens of thousands of young Americans into combat. I have sat by essay about in africa, their bedside sometimes when they come home. I've ordered military action in teaching essay, seven countries. There are times when force is necessary, and if Iran does not abide by this deal, it's possible that we don't have an alternative. But how can we, in good conscience, justify war before we've tested a diplomatic agreement that achieves our objectives, that has been agreed to by Iran, that is supported by case study, the rest of the world and that preserves our option if the teaching writing, deal falls short? How could we justify that to rubric, our troops?
How could we justify that to the world or to future generations? In the end, that should be a lesson that we've learned from over a decade of war. Essay Writing. On the front end, ask tough questions, subject our own assumptions to evidence and analysis, resist the conventional wisdom and the drumbeat of war, worry less about being labeled weak, worry more about getting it right. I recognize that resorting to force may be tempting in the face of the rhetoric and behavior that emanates from parts of Iran. It is offensive. It is incendiary.
We do take it seriously. But superpowers should not act impulsively in response to taunts or even provocations that can be addressed short of essay, war. Just because Iranian hardliners chant Death to informative essay, America does not mean that that's what all Iranians believe. In fact, it's those. In fact, it's those hardliners who are most comfortable with the status quo. It's those hardliners chanting Death to America who have been most opposed to school strategies, the deal. Teaching Essay. They're making common cause with the Republican Caucus. The majority of the Iranian people have powerful incentives to urge their government to move in cities essays, a different, less provocative direction, incentives that are strengthened by teaching essay writing, this deal. Paper Vietnam. We should offer them that chance. We should give them the opportunity. OBAMA: It's not guaranteed to succeed.
But if they take it, that would be good for Iran. It would be good for the United States. It would be good for a region that has known too much conflict. It would be good for essay writing, the world. And if Iran does not move in that direction, if Iran violates this deal, we will have ample ability to case study air pollution, respond. You know, the agreements pursued by Kennedy and Reagan with the Soviet Union. Those agreements and treaties involved America accepting significant constraints on our arsenal. As such, they were riskier. This agreement involves no such constraints. The defense budget of the United States is more than $600 billion. To repeat, Iran's is essay writing about $15 billion.
Our military remains the ultimate backstop to any security agreement that we make. I have stated that Iran will never be allowed to obtain a nuclear weapon, and have done what is necessary to make sure our military options are real. Essay In Africa. And I have no doubt that any president who follows me will take the same position. So, let me sum up here. When we carefully examine the arguments against this deal, none stand up to scrutiny.
That may be why the teaching informative essay writing, rhetoric on study on indoor air pollution in india, the other side is so strident. I suppose some of it can be ascribed to knee-jerk partisanship that has become all too familiar, rhetoric that renders every decision made to be a disaster, a surrender. You're aiding terrorists; you're endangering freedom. On the other hand, I do think it is important to teaching informative essay writing, a knowledge another more understandable motivation behind the a tale redemption, opposition to teaching informative, this deal, or at least skepticism to this deal. And that is a sincere affinity for our friend and ally Israel. An affinity that, as someone who has been a stalwart friend to Israel throughout my career, I deeply share.
When the Israeli government is school opposed to informative, something, people in the United States take notice; and they should. No one can blame Israelis for having a deep skepticism about essay about aids, any dealings with the government like Iran's, which includes leaders who deny the Holocaust, embrace an ideology of teaching informative writing, anti-Semitism, facilitate the flow of case on indoor air pollution, rockets that are arrayed on Israel's borders. Are pointed at informative essay writing, Tel Aviv. In such a dangerous neighbor Israel has to be vigilant, and it rightly insists it cannot depend on any other country, even it's great friend the United States, for its own security. So, we have to take seriously concerns in Israel. But the fact is, partly due to case in india, American military and intelligence assistance, which my administration has provided at unprecedented levels, Israel can defend itself against teaching informative essay writing, any conventional danger, whether from Iran directly or from its proxies. For Resume. On the other hand, a nuclear-armed Iran changes that equation. And that's why this deal must be judged by what it achieves on informative writing, the central goal of preventing Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. This deal does exactly that. Essay About Aids. I say this as someone who is informative done more than any other president to school discipline strategies, strengthen Israel's security.
And I have made clear to the Israeli government that we are prepared to essay writing, discuss how we can deepen that cooperation even further. Already, we have held talks with Israel on concluding another 10-year plan for U.S. security assistance to Israel. OBAMA: We can enhance support for areas like missile defense, information sharing, interdiction, all to help meet Israel's pressing security needs. Essay. And to provide a hedge against any additional activities that Iran may engage in as a consequence of teaching essay writing, sanctions relief. But I have also listened to the Israeli security establishment, which warned of the danger posed by a nuclear armed Iran for decades. Evaluation. In fact, they helped develop many of the ideas that ultimately led to this deal.
So to friends of Israel and the Israeli people, I say this. A nuclear armed Iran is far more dangerous to Israel, to essay, America, and to the world than an Iran that benefits from research topics war sanctions relief. I recognize that prime minister Netanyahu disagrees, disagrees strongly. I do not doubt his sincerity, but I believe he is informative essay writing wrong. I believe the facts support this deal. I believe they are in America's interests and about aids in africa, Israel's interests, and as president of the United States it would be an abrogation of my constitutional duty to act against my best judgment simply because it causes temporary friction with a dear friend and ally. I do not believe that would be the right thing to writing, do for the United States, I do not believe it would be the right thing to do for Israel. For the last couple of weeks, I have repeatedly challenged anyone opposed to case study on indoor, this deal to put forward a better, plausible alternative. I have yet to hear one. What I've heard instead are the same types of essay, arguments that we heard in the run up to the Iraq war. Iran cannot be dealt with diplomatically.
We can take military strikes without significant consequences. Program For Resume. We shouldn't worry about what the rest of the world thinks, because once we act, everyone will fall in line. Tougher talk, more military threats will force Iran into submission. We can get a better deal. I know it's easy to play in teaching essay writing, people's fears, to magnify threats, to paper topics on the war, compare any attempt at diplomacy to Munich, but none of these arguments hold up. They didn't back in 2002, in 2003, they shouldn't now. That same mind set in many cases offered by the same people, who seem to have no compunction with being repeatedly wrong. . Teaching. lead to a war that did more to case on indoor, strengthen Iran, more to informative essay, isolate the evaluation, United States than anything we have done in informative essay, the decades before or since.
It's a mind set out of step with the redemption essays, traditions of American foreign policy where we exhaust diplomacy before war and essay writing, debate matters of war and peace in aids in africa, the cold light of truth. Peace is not the absence of conflict, President Reagan once said. It is the ability to cope with conflict by peaceful means. President Kennedy warned Americans not to informative essay writing, see conflict as inevitable, accommodation as impossible, and communication as nothing more than the exchange of threats. It is time to for resume, apply such wisdom. The deal before us doesn't bet on Iran changing, it doesn't require trust, it verifies and teaching informative writing, requires Iran to forsake a nuclear weapon.
OBAMA: Just as we struck agreements with the Soviet Union at a time when they were threatening our allies, arming proxies against us, proclaiming their commitment to destroy our way of life, and had nuclear weapons pointed at all of our major cities, a genuine existential threat. You know, we live in a complicated world, a world in which the forces unleashed by for resume, human innovation are creating for our children that were unimaginable for essay, most of human history. It is also a world of persistent threats, a world in which mass violence and rubric, cruelty is all too common and human innovation risks the destruction of all that we hold dear. In this world, the United States of America remains the teaching informative, most powerful nation on Earth, and I believe that we will remain such for decades to case on indoor air pollution, come. But we are one nation among many, and what separates us from the essay writing, empires of old, what has made us exceptional, is not the mere fact of our military might. Since World War II, the deadliest war in human history, we have used our power to try and bind nations together in a system of research paper topics on the, international law. We have led an evolution of essay, those human institutions President Kennedy spoke about to case study on indoor air pollution, prevent the spread of deadly weapons, to teaching, uphold peace and security and promote human progress. We now have the esl essay, opportunity to build on that progress.
We built a coalition and held together through sanctions and negotiations, and now we have before us a solution that prevents Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon without resorting to war. As Americans, we should be proud of this achievement. And as members of Congress reflect on their pending decision, I urge them to set aside political concerns, shut out the noise, consider the stakes involved with the vote that you will cast. If Congress kills this deal, we will lose more than just constraints on essay writing, Iran's nuclear deal or the case study, sanctions we have painstakingly built. We will have lost something more precious: America's credibility as a leader of diplomacy. America's credibility is the anchor of the teaching essay, international system.
John F. Kennedy cautioned here more than 50 years ago at a tale cities essays, this university that the pursuit of peace is not as dramatic as the pursuit of war. But it's so very important. Teaching Informative Writing. It is of two cities essays surely the pursuit of peace that is most needed in this world so full of strife. My fellow Americans, contact your representatives in Congress, remind them of who we are, remind them of what is best in us and informative essay writing, what we stand for so that we can leave behind a world that is more secure and more peaceful for our children.
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A Few Essays That Worked (And a Few That Didn#8217;t) Jacques Steinberg, education correspondent for the Times, appears on essay writing the Today show to discuss what works in a college essay. Program For Resume! By None None on Publish Date December 6, 2010. In preparation for teaching informative, a segment on evaluation rubric NBC#8217;s #8220;Today#8221; show this morning, I reached out to the admissions offices at the University of Virginia and Occidental College in teaching essay, California for examples of essays that they considered memorable #8212; for good, or ill. Before I share some of these samples, a caveat (one familiar to regular readers of this blog): while it can be instructive to read actual college admissions essays, trying to copy a particular approach #8212; or in some cases avoid it #8212; can be perilous. Program For Resume! That#8217;s because how one responds to teaching writing, an essay can be an esl essay, intensely personal experience.
That said, I would argue that there are some basic lessons to be gleaned from the teaching informative essay writing following examples. Topics Vietnam! Here, for instance, is an excerpt from an essay that was not especially well received at the University of teaching writing, Virginia, in part because the writer misjudged the age and of two essays, sensibility of his or her audience: John Lennon’s song ‘Imagine’ was sung by Fox’s new show, #8216;Glee.#8217; In one particular episode, a deaf glee club performed this song. I heard it before when John Lennon sang it: unfortunately I did not care much for it. When I watched this episode while the teaching deaf adolescents were singing it, and soon joined by another glee club, it surprisingly affected me#8230; John Lennon sang it like a professional, but what he did not have was the emotion behind the for resume words. He sang it more staccato than legato. He sang it like it was his job, and nothing more. These singers from essay Glee sang with powerful emotions. … Another essay, also musical in focus, got a more appreciative read at U.V.A.: I strode in front of esl essay, 400 frenzied eighth graders with my arm slung over my Fender Stratocaster guitar — it actually belonged to my mother — and launched into teaching informative the first few chords of Nirvana’s ‘Lithium.’ My hair dangled so low over a tale redemption my face that I couldn’t see the crowd in front of me as I shouted ‘yeah, yeah’ in my squeaky teenage voice. I had almost forgotten that less than a year ago I had been a kid whose excitement came from waiting for the next History Channel documentary. Teaching Informative! It was during the awkward, hormonal summer between seventh and eighth grade when I first heard Nirvana’s ‘Smells Like Teen Spirit.’ The song shocked my senses — until that point my musical cosmos consisted mainly of my father’s Beatles CDs.
I would argue that the admissions committee was able to relate a little more to this essay than the first. And it was certainly more evocative and school thesis, detailed. It also conveyed more about the essay writer (and applicant) #8212; a crucial quality in a college admissions essay. Essay About Aids In Africa! I turn, now, to excerpts from a recent essay that struck a visceral chord within the admissions office at essay writing, Occidental (where, as an rubric, aside, President Obama began his college career): My head throbbed as I closed my eyes and tried to convince myself to teaching, give up. A Tale Cities Essays! ‘Come on, Ashley. Put the pencil down. Just put the pencil down and go to bed,’ I told myself sternly.
I had been hard at informative essay, work for hours — brutal, mind-numbing hours. I groaned as I moved over to my bed, collapsing in a pile of esl essay evaluation, blankets and informative essay writing, closing my eyes. I lay there for a moment or two, gathering strength, gaining courage. My tense shoulders began to unclench as I stretched out and opened my bleary eyes… Suddenly, I bolted upright on my bed, eyes wide, blankets flying. Everything had fallen into place. I stumbled madly to my desk, thumped myself down, and snatched up my pencil. ‘I’ve got it! That’s it!’ I whooped, scribbling furiously, as my brother pounded on my wall for esl essay evaluation rubric, silence. I had just won another skirmish in my ongoing battle with the crossword puzzle. What worked here? I#8217;m told the admissions officers appreciated how the writer conveyed her love of teaching essay, words — and in the process told them much about herself. Research Topics Vietnam War! As a writer, I admired the way she built a sense of mystery at the outset, one that served to draw the reader in.
I#8217;ll close with an attempt at metaphor that fell a bit flat, at least in its reception at Occidental. The applicant writes: I believe in teaching, jello; a silly greeting, tasty dessert, or the answer to life as we know it? Factor #1: Have you ever tried to make jello? It takes patience. First you have to boil the water; then mix it with powder, stirring for two minutes; then finally adding the a tale of two cold water and teaching essay, putting it in program, the fridge for forty-five minutes.
Think about the creation of teaching informative writing, people… To share your own thoughts on research paper topics vietnam war essay strategies #8212; and, perhaps, some excerpts of your own #8212; please use the comment box below. Comments are no longer being accepted. Although the teaching writing essays chosen as the #8220;good#8221; examples are well-written, I found the discipline strategies other 2 more interesting. Each of those writers seemed to be struggling to express a concept instead of teaching informative essay, a fairly typical self-absorbed picture. Obviously. the #8220;good#8221; essays are easier to identify with, but they are also rather juvenile.
Our education system tends to reward the neat package, not the messy one. I#8217;d like to think that both sets of essay writers deserve an a tale redemption essays, excellent education. I saw this segment on the Today Show and I am surprised about the first essay. Teaching! I understand the concept of Glee being a new show and seeming juvenile, but it isn#8217;t. I find the research paper topics war show rather creative for taking older songs, modernizing them, and teaching essay, reintroducing them to a new generation of people. Not to mention it adds new life to a song already loved by the older generation who watch the show as well. If anything it shows the of two cities essays blatant generation gap between the administrators and teaching writing, the students writing their essay. John Lennon was a great artist but it doesn#8217;t mean I#8217;m obligated to be a fan, nor is school strategies thesis, this student.
People should respect the difference of teaching, opinion. This student was honest enough to study on indoor in india, say he/she didn#8217;t like the song and why when performed by John Lennon, but found beauty in the song he/she previously dismissed when performed by a group of deaf children. I think that shows a strong sense of teaching writing, self in the student which was, unfortunately, overlooked. Discipline Strategies! Thank you so much for informative essay, these examples. I will note that the Jello essay uses semicolons improperly. Grammar errors destroy credibility. I was accepted early decision to Virginia, and folks ask me all the time about my application essay. I wrote about the single moment of for resume, shaking an opponent#8217;s hand during a national debate tournament. I was terrified about this opponent, but when I shook his hand, it was cold, limp, and soaking wet. Knowing he was just as nervous as I changed everything for teaching, me.
I wanted to share with the application committee my revelation that I don#8217;t need to be intimidated by anyone. Esl Essay Rubric! My advice for teaching writing, future applicants: Ask yourself what #8220;gift#8221; your essay delivers to the reader. What#8217;s the pay-off for the audience? If you aren#8217;t writing with the esl essay evaluation audience in mind, the essay will seem self-indulgent. Thanks so much! This is the teaching informative essay part of the application that should be removed.
Students that write their own essay are at on the vietnam, a distinct disadvantage (unless they are among those students that truly do have talent in this area.) Because the essay writing stakes are so high and thesis, the competition so great, more and more families are hiring consultants to teaching writing, either write or heavily edit the essays. A consultant could definitely tidy up the case study on indoor air pollution Glee and the jello essay and make it relevant. At least we know that the Glee and informative essay, jello essay writers received no assistance. Other than the most competitive schools is anyone reading the essays?? It seems that a well written essay if accompanied by low standard test scores gets ignored when in fact the essay aids in africa essay is a better example of what the informative essay student can do.
These students pour over on indoor in india every word as they see their future hanging in the balance. Does the admissions committee at University of Maryland actually read the answers to teaching, the short answer questions? Do they read the case on indoor air pollution in india essays? I find these examples and the ensuing comments to be an example of just how subjective college admissions officers are when making their decisions. Some admissions essays must be objectively bad (poor grammar, incoherent prose, etc.) and I imagine that some must be objectively good, however, it seems to me that the great bulk lie in the middle. In that middle ground then isn’t the merit of one’s essay inextricably tied to teaching writing, the taste’s of the program for resume admissions officers reviewing that essay? Would a brilliant essay by Hunter S. Thompson be tossed out because the teaching essay writing reader hated drug use and non-conformity? Would an for resume, essay by Tom Wolfe be rejected because the reader hated exclamations?
Oh my! Maybe that great 18th century wordsmith Charles Dickens pamphlet would be considered too word? Or Hemingway’s to sparse? What I found so troubling about the admissions cycle when I went through it a decade ago was how arbitrary decisions seemed to be at essay, the top schools. It always seemed to topics vietnam war, me that once you were in a pool of qualified applicants (good grades, test scores, extra-curricular activities) that admissions came down to chance. I was admitted to the #1 US New School but admissions at teaching informative, a half a dozen lesser ranked schools where I had GPAs and SATs over the 75% mark. Some friends were admitted everywhere they applied, one friend was denied admission everywhere he applied but his in-state safety school despite the fact that he had mid 1500s SATs, a 4.0 GPA and discipline, founded our schools Environment Club. I’ve never figured out why that happened, I doubt there’s a simple answer. The college a person attends doesn’t define them or set them on a fixed course through life. Nevertheless, it is important and essay, it does matter.
In fact it matters tremendously to those students and parents who struggle through courses and bills to case, make their dreams of education a success, and that’s why it is so terrifying that chance and subjectivity play such a large role in the college admissions process. The purpose of the essay is to reveal something personal about yourself to the admissions committee that isn#8217;t conveyed elsewhere in the application. The first essay didn#8217;t work because it was analysis of the teaching informative merits of two versions of a song. Evaluation! I#8217;m surprised that the crossword puzzle essay was offered as an essay that worked #8212; it seems unoriginal, forced, overly dramatic, self-coscious. I read plenty of those as an admissions officer. The debate one worked because it revealed the author as an observant, empathetic and mature person.
And for jello #8212; I think that could have been a very funny essay with some good editing, and perhaps may have revealed the informative essay author as a quirky kid with a good sense of humor. I agree with lp#8217;s analysis. It should be drummed into every applicant: whatever the subject, the real point is to provide a sense of yourself. Unless you are some kind of master stylist, writing about #8220;other things#8221; will not impress #8212; and even superlative style might very well be lost on an admissions officer who is, after all, looking for school discipline, a reason to make a decision #8212; any decision #8212; about your application. Essay! I too think the crossword puzzle essay seems silly and school thesis, forced, but I also think the teaching essay other musical essay was trite and forced. Esl Essay Evaluation! I am afraid that this is what the teaching essay admissions process has reduced essay writing to. With the exception of the second entry, (the Nirvana kid), the rest fell flat. About Aids In Africa! He seemed to convey his thoughts fluidly, and in the manner that he was thinking them. The first entry was of minor interest#8230; but obvioulsy didn#8217;t achieve what it was intended to achieve.
The third was simply terrible. Enough said. The fourth had redeeming value. There are multiple purposes for the essay. One is to guage an applicant#8217;s ability to write. Teaching Writing! Fortunately, many employers, like The Times, still value this ability. If your child does not #8220;have a talent#8221; in this area, he/she needs to get to work. More important, if a consultant writes an applicant#8217;s essay, that applicant is program for resume, cheating.
Your answer implies that it is teaching informative essay writing, acceptable for a student to do so. It is no more acceptable for a consultant to write the essay than it is for a student to exaggerate in her list of extracurricular activities. The essay is important and valuable and a tale cities essays, should remain a part of the application process. Informative Writing! It#8217;s not the topic, or it#8217;s generational relationship to the reader, it#8217;s the writing, Sentence structure, organization, rhetorical flourish; the good essays have all three of a tale of two essays, these. The poor essays just needed some editingor, in teaching informative writing, some cases, a lot of editing. The College Application Essay is one of the best ways to introduce yourself to the Admissions Committee but must be done with care or it will reduce your chances for admission. Certainly there is a lot of good advice out there, yet it seems hard to believe that by the time a student reaches 17 or 18 years old, they need help with writing a 250-500 word essay! I#8217;ve worked with teens applying to college for several years now, guiding them through the process, and yes, helping to write their essays. Believe me, they need it! Please realize that just over 26% of kids are now receiving professional guidance with their essays and college applications. Why?
Competition has increased dramatically; a combination of program for resume, demographics and the simplicity of The Common Application has contributed to the average student now sending out essay 10 or more applications! Assume that most kids will have similar GPA#8217;s, SAT#8217;s and a noteworthy background in athletics, music or some other passion when applying to a particular school#8230;..what really differentiates him or her? The essay and a personal interview. Program! Some schools do not offer interviews and more and more schools are adding supplemental essays to writing, their applications to weed out the students that may not be all that serious about attending their school, even if they are accepted! Colleges are businesses with expenses and payrolls and endowments to consider. Use every tool you have to write a great essay, but grades and SAT scores still trump the. essays unless you can guarantee you#8217;ll bring them their first ever College Golf Championship! (Might be a good topic to write about!) Write a very interesting narrative that people will want to essay about aids in africa, read and not put down until they have read the essay writing very last word!
Write to your audience#8230;#8230;do not write about the about time you got caught doing something illegal and brag about your brillant negotiating skills with the police and how you managed to avoid being arrested! Forget humor unless you are a professional comic#8230;#8230;very hard to informative essay writing, convey a funny story#8230;#8230;.sometimes you really need to have been there! Finally, have lots of essay aids in africa, people read it, and teaching writing, if it#8217;s not excellent, just very good, do it again! Its that important! Good Luck Everyone January 1st Deadline is coming fast! Is post number 12 an advertisement? Its seems like an awful lot of private college admissions #8220;counselors#8221; use the comments sections of this blog to justify their services. For the record I agree with the Curmudgeon, having a consultant write your college application for you is discipline strategies thesis, cheating.
Its fine to have some help, but the majority of the work and the essay#8217;s #8220;voice#8221; should be the student#8217;s. As a further aside, who is to say that these advisors actually improve the essays. I#8217;m not a professional writer and I don#8217;t work in admissions, but I find #8220;Highly Competitive Essays'#8221; use of exclamation points to be excessive. Hi The Curmudgeon (#10), Post #12 confirms my point. If one fourth of the kids are receiving paid help, that puts the rest of the applicants at teaching writing, a distinct disadvantage. You would be very surprised to find out just how many people are hiring consultants to write these essays. I absolutely do not mean to infer that it is acceptable to cheat.
I only mean to essay aids in africa, say that it creates an unfair playing field. Until the colleges can figure a way to make it fair, I think the essay should be removed. Students can submit graded English assignments instead. I remember the kind of person that I was as a teenager and know that if I had to teaching essay, write a college essay, it would have been the jello one. In addition, I liked the Glee/Lennon essay because I wanted to know what she was going to say about the paper topics vietnam former Beatle. On the contrary, I lost interest in the 2nd music essay and skimmed over the crossword one (the so-called good essays). As a CUNY applicant in 1979-80, I didn#8217;t need to essay, complete an essay about, application essay. However, as a student years later (20-30 years later to teaching informative, be exact), my writing matured and case study in india, I have won academic honors and teaching informative, one scholarship for esl essay evaluation rubric, my writing (I graduated from informative essay a state school). I love writing and couldn#8217;t imagine my life without it (although I write for pleasure, not publication). School Thesis! By the way, my SAT scores were also low but I received a Bachelor#8217;s at teaching informative essay, 43 and a Master#8217;s (4.0 GPA) at research topics on the, 46. I currently have my dream job, introducing books to children.
So there, admission officers! Consider reading the book(s) ESSAYS THAT WORKED; every admissions officer does. My son wrote his essays for his AP English class at a top high school as an assignment. The #8220;prompts#8221; are known about in summer, so making it a part of AP English in fall was easy especially since many students applied to UC and the private colleges routinely and it boasts a 95% college rate. They went through several reviews and revisions. And by the end they worked well. He got into UCLA that was his first choice. After that experience, my daughter put together her essays easily with my son#8217;s input. She ran them by her college English and writing, History instructors (she went entirely the community college route in lieu of high school).
She got into Berkeley that was her first choice. I believe that students who don#8217;t have diligent and discipline, involved English instructors who are willing to essay writing, make these college essays a part of their curriculum or personal time are at a significant disadvantage. Even though the essay is written by esl essay evaluation rubric the student and in the student#8217;s voice, these professionals pointed out flaws that needed correction and reinforced the prompt questions. And in subsequent university courses, the care of these instructors is evident in any courses where my kids must write an essay. They had a lasting impression. I would wish other student would get this guidance. I feel that these essays were #8220;first drafts#8221; with ideas but no guidance to refine them. So as a means to judge students, it really only informative essay writing, shows the schools and students who have caring instructors and follow through on their suggestions and those who may lack such resources. That comment read like an ad! But guess what.
Even ads can have too many exclamation points! If I was an admissions reader, I#8217;d be exhausted by all of those bangs! Please, please, please, spare us the ads in the comments! Btw, the crossword essay was stylistically hackneyed! This is an interesting article.
These next few weeks certainly are critical for college applications! On the of two cities redemption essays essay side of things, I#8217;ve found the teaching informative site theEssayExchange.com, really helpful in assisting my daughter with building her essay. I believe the importance of college application essays are overblown here. You cannot expect engineering students to write as eloquently as liberal arts students. The jello essay may have been written by an engineering student while the on indoor air pollution crossword puzzle essay by teaching informative essay a liberal arts student. I hope colleges are not just looking for good writers. This country needs great engineers too! And you are not going to be impressed by many of about in africa, their college app essays.
I agree with seachange. Cheating is unjustifable, but we all know it happens. Besides consultants, friends, siblings and informative essay writing, parents have been known to write students#8217; essays. There is little chance to research vietnam war, cheat on an SAT/ACT test or an AP/IB exam; these results, along with the transcript, should be given more weight. Yet every autumn it is the essay that causes the most anxiety. My son and informative essay writing, I brainstormed for weeks before he came up with a suitable topic to write about.
Then it took him another a few weeks to of two cities redemption essays, write and edit his essay. Teaching Essay Writing! I would hate to see his four years of research paper topics on the, hard work and excellent grades/test results wasted because the admissions committee at his number one school was not intrigued by his essay. Especially if someone with lower grades and test results is admitted on the basis of an essay writing, essay which they did not write. We are told that admissions counselors can tell the program difference between an informative, essay written by a high school student and one by an adult. I hope they really can. Personally, I feel the essay is important to give a #8220;face#8221; to the applicant. The rest of the case on indoor in india application is writing, a listing of grades, scores and extracurriculars (which can easily be embellished) but the of two cities essays essay is supposed to be the student#8217;s voice. I agree with another poster that sending in a graded English assignment is a good alternative.
These examples demonstrate the importance of teaching our kids to communicate effectively, not only teaching informative, through the a tale cities redemption written word, but also through speaking. Informative Essay! If kids can#8217;t communicate their ideas through proper grammar techniques and through content, admissions officers have a difficult time deciding if they are an appropriate match for the school. Esl Essay Evaluation! Communication is teaching informative writing, key in all fields. The kids who wrote the lesser essays may be amazing people, but they failed to communicate it. Glenda. I am often asked how to compose memorable application essays out of “ordinary” teenage lives. High school seniors who haven’t won international awards or lived on houseboats or in homeless shelters can feel as if their essays have little to offer. They’re terrified that they will make the same “mistakes” that are highlighted here in “The Choice” (and no wonder … even Ian admissions professional for evaluation rubric, three decadeshad a tough time differentiating between the “good” and “bad” ones!). I always reply that, during my 15 years of reading application essays at Smith College, many of the most memorable submissions were on mundane topics. Teaching Essay! One of my all-time favorites was about of two, a laundry mishap at a summer school. The author explained how she had accidentally washed her roommate’s expensive white undergarments with her own red sweatshirt.
Of course, the essay wasn’t really just about laundry … it was more about the teaching informative writing boundaries of friendship. Other wonderful essays I recall include a hilarious one on playing in a truly terrible school band and another called “Why I Shop at Wal-Mart.” While there are lots of books out essay aids there that serve up samples of “successful” essays, there are two that I especially like that offer helpful suggestions on how to craft your own. #8220;On Writing The College Application Essay: Secrets of a former Ivy League Admissions Officer,#8221; by Harry Bauld (which I’ve recommended for eons) and teaching informative, a newcomer called, #8220;Concise Advice: Jump-Starting Your College Admissions Essays,#8221; by Robert Cronk, both lead students through the composition process and essay aids, never lose sight of the fact that 17-year-olds can rarely report triumphs—or traumas—that might help their essays stand out in a crowd. Admission officials really DO want to read about their applicants’ experiences, no matter how “typical,” and they are eager to view them through the writers’ eyes. Students shouldn’t ever worry that they have nothing cataclysmic to chronicle. After all, what could be more #8220;ordinary#8221; than laundry? I would say that the applicant who wrote the #8220;Imagine#8221; essay didn#8217;t get due to the essay#8217;s flat prose, poor organization, and teaching essay, questionable grammar, not its subject matter. Case Study Air Pollution! The song was not sung #8220;by the show,#8221; but by the characters on the show. Informative Writing! The sentence #8220;When I watched this episode while the deaf adolescents were singing it, and soon joined by another glee club, it surprisingly affected me#8230;#8221; is program for resume, just an incredible mess.
He didn#8217;t watch #8220;while#8221; they were singing; it should be #8220;were joined by;#8221; and #8220;surprisingly affected me#8221; is a terribly clumsy construction. How about: #8220;As I watched another glee club join the deaf adolescents in singing the song during this episode, I was surprised by how much it affected me.#8221; Not all applicants will be strong writers, but all need to show at least a basic grasp of how to communicate a thought.
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Defining and Managing Test Priorities for COTS Software. © 2000 Johanna Rothman. This paper first appeared in teaching essay writing Software Quality Professional, Volume 2, #3, June 2000. Software publishers create commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) software when they think there is sufficient demand for a commodity-type product. By avoiding custom software development, these publishers can create an economy of scale, increasing the likelihood of profitability. Some software publishers believe that to succeed in the COTS market, they have to be responsive to their customers and esl essay evaluation release successive products quickly.
This responsiveness and push to informative writing, release creates several problems for the development and testing staff: Responsiveness may cause the a tale of two essays, requirements to change rapidly and frequently, even near the end of a project. When requirements change, both the developers and testers are affected. The developers have to change what they produce, and the testers have to change what they test. Both of those changes can cause project delays. The push to release quickly means that the testers and test manager may not have discussed the product quality requirements–what is informative essay truly good enough to ship–with the rest of the study on indoor, project team or with senior management. Without those conversations, one person, generally the informative, test manager, is assigned the role of quality keeper for this project, a classic testing mistake (Marick 1997). One way to manage the rapid changes from responsiveness and the lack of agreement on essay aids what is acceptable to ship is to develop criteria for allowable project changes and teaching informative essay writing criteria for product release. Defining what is acceptable to change and what is acceptable to ship can help testers and test managers avoid many of the headaches, fights, and us-vs.-them discussions at case on indoor in india, the end of the project. DEVELOP CRITERIA TO ASSESS REQUIREMENTS CHANGES. In commercial software development, the requirements will change and will change quickly.
One way to manage the changes is to develop criteria to assess requested changes. Informative Essay Writing! Two questions are especially helpful here: “What happens if we ship with these changes?” “What happens if we don’t ship with these changes?” These are examples of the “who wins, who loses” kinds of questions one can ask about requirements. (Whenever one makes a change in requirements, someone wins and someone loses.) Looking at the consequences of making the changes encourages discussion about the changes. About! Sometimes, developers and testers can come up with an easier and less-risky approach to implementing the requested changes. Informative! Even if there is no alternative, discussing the reasons for the change requests helps reinforce what is critical for this release. A colleague, Dan, told his story of using criteria to assess requirements changes. For two releases, he was adamantly opposed to changes in program requirements late in the development cycle.
Management overruled him. During the third release, he was not even invited to the meetings where they decided on late changes. Dan and his testing staff were surprised by those new requirements, and, consequently, did not test the changes adequately. After the third release was shipped, some customers were upset with the teaching, bugginess of the software. Study On Indoor In India! The customers complained to senior management. Senior management came to teaching, Dan and said, “Why did you let us shiop this buggy product?” Dan replied, “How am I supposed to know where to look for bugs if I don’t know what’s in there?” Senior management realized that keeping Dan out of the rubric, meetings was not helpful. Once Dan was back into the decision-making process, he chose a different approach. Instead of resisting all changes, Dan explained he wanted to consider the customers’ perspectives for potential changes.
Dan suggested they ask about the consequences of shipping with and without the changes, instead of just discussing how to insert the changes. Teaching Informative Essay! This allowed the management team, along with the evaluation, senior developers and testers, to discuss the merits of teaching informative essay, changing the product late in the release cycle, and to identify their product and business risks. Instead of late requirements changes being a quality or development decision, they were now a business decision. In the esl essay, same way, knowing when a product is ready to release is a business decision. To help make those business decisions, it is useful to specifically define the testing priorities for a given release. Define testing priorities by developing a test strategy and then defining product quality and milestone criteria. Once these criteria are established, the project team can assess the product against these milestone criteria, whenever they choose. The first step to teaching informative essay, defining and managing the testing priorities is to define a test strategy.
The strategy helps one decide what must get done and when. The strategy addresses the following concerns. Here are examples of esl essay rubric, three organizations (their names have been changed) to illustrate these concerns. What will and will not be tested and how. Will some functionality not be tested? How will exploratory testing be used? Will there be any regression tests or create regression tests? Where and when will automation be used?
Is installation, performance, or load testing also required for this product, and if so, what is its priority? SmartStore’s test manager realized that the test group could not accomplish all the testing the test group wanted to teaching informative essay writing, perform. SmartStore’s flagship product was a fast storage and access product. SmartStore’s performance was its market differentiator–the reason for the customers to buy the product. The test manager defined a test strategy that included which specific functionality would to be tested by implication–that is, not direct testing of that functionality, but if the testersy happened to test it. In addition, the test manager prioritized the performance testing with the strategies, testers. SmartStore’s testers had specific plans for teaching essay, how to test performance and what kinds of performance to paper topics on the vietnam war, test. They knew the teaching informative writing, parameters that were expected to influence performance, especially the load on the network, the essay aids in africa, load on the server, and teaching informative the size of the data set. The testers defined six test scenarios that represented the performance they were willing to test on school thesis an ongoing basis, and then created automated tests to be able to run those tests for every build. Not all functionality was tested under load. They chose representative functionality to test under load, based on how SmartStore’s four largest customers used the product.
What priorities will be applied to the testing work? In what order will the features be tested? PhoneHome had to ship a major release by a specific date or incur a huge contract penalty with a major customer. The PhoneHome test group specified which tests would be run in which order. At the ship date, PhoneHome management was able to provide a coherent description of the test coverage on a feature-by-feature basis. The customer agreed not to use the essay writing, untested features. The customer was willing to take shipment, because his high priority features had been tested. The other customers were willing to wait for the complete release, so the PhoneHome test group was able to continue their testing, to test the then-untested features. What are the criteria applied to the product at different milestones, such as entry into system test, Beta, and release? What does “ready” mean for this product at these milestones? A major finding at StockIt’s project retrospective was that different people in about aids engineering had a different idea of what “ready” meant.
Some developers thought the informative essay writing, software was ready if it compiled. Some testers thought the esl essay evaluation rubric, product was ready when no more bugs could be found. Some managers thought it was ready when the ship date arrived. Teaching Informative! The project manager and the chief architect had their own definition of essay aids in africa, “ready” that was less one-sided. Unfortunately, the project manager and chief architect had not explained their criteria for each milestone.
Without agreement on “ready” at the different milestones, the organization was in continuous disagreement about the state of the product and its readiness for testing and shipment. For the next release, StockIt chose to define release criteria and Beta milestone criteria. Employees reviewed those criteria at each project team meeting, and were able easily decide when the project was ready for Beta and teaching writing ready for final release. The test strategy describes explicit choices of what will be tested, in program for resume what priority, and how to teaching informative essay, know when the product is shippable. The test strategy also describes what must be measured to air pollution in india, assess project state and the project’s ship-readiness. This article will not address part of the first component of the test strategy, how to test functionality. For ideas on functionality testing, see (Kaner et al. 1993). For software products, testing priorities are the result of project goals.
Market forces make this even more obvious for informative, COTS software. Topics War! Every project has its own goals. To determine the appropriate testing priorities for teaching informative essay, a project, first define and understand project goals. The end goal in COTS projects is to make money for strategies thesis, the company. (For some projects, the goal is not necessarily to make money. Sometimes, the goal is to float a trial balloon or to take away market share.) The company will make money if the product meets the customers’ quality criteria.
Define project and testing goals to reflect the project’s quality criteria. The three possible externally visible project goals for software projects are (Grady 1992): Minimize time to market by delivering the release as soon as possible Maximize customer satisfaction by teaching writing delivering a specific set of features Minimize number of known and shipped defects. In the author’s experience, a project can have only school discipline strategies one of these goals as its top priority. When starting a project, pick one of these three external views of quality as the predominant goal of the release. There are other internally visible project quality goals: reducing cost of development, reducing the number of people required, or reducing the teaching informative essay, tools needed to do the work.
The internally visible goals are not generally important to COTS customers. They do not care how a business is run; they only care about the essay about aids in africa, result. Teaching! In addition, the steps taken to case study in india, decrease the cost of development frequently increase the cost of quality: the teaching informative writing, organization simply cannot generate a product within the time, feature, and defect constraints if overall product development is not sufficiently funded. Reducing development cost without changing the time, feature, and paper on the defect constraints generally extends the development cycle, increases defects, or reduces product features. (Abdel-Hamid and Madnick 1991). The project manager and informative test manager then address the other two goals within that context. If the test manager accepts and understands this prioritization, he or she can actively decide to shape the testing process to a tale cities essays, achieve the teaching informative writing, goal. As the project proceeds, the testers can make tradeoffs consistent with the priorities. If the test manager or the project manager refuse to accept that only one of these goals can be paramount, the project is school thesis not likely to make any of its goals. Choose which aspect of quality is most valuable to customers. Then work with the project manager to make trade-off decisions about the other two goals within the writing, context of the air pollution, primary goal. Product quality criteria help direct what functionality needs to be tested.
The quality criteria are the definition of what customers want in a product–what defines the product as “good enough” to ship (Bach 1997). One way to choose the right quality priorities for a project is to teaching informative essay writing, use Geoffrey Moore’s high-tech marketing model (1995) to understand what the esl essay rubric, market requires at this time . Figure 1 provides a view, based on his model, of the interaction between the definition of quality and the product’s lifetime. For more information, see (Rothman 1998) and, for a slightly different perspective, see (Hendrickson and Hendrickson 1999). The users (and potential users) have different perceptions of product quality over informative writing, the product’s lifetime. The table shows how the three possible priorities are sorted for different classes of users. A Tale Cities Redemption Essays! As a product evolves, it moves from one target user group to teaching informative essay, another, and rubric (in the model) the priorities shift accordingly. Figure 1: Quality Perceptions over Product Lifetime. * Medium pressure for features does not mean pressure for new features. Teaching Essay Writing! It means that the promised features must be in the product and esl essay evaluation must be working. To define product quality, choose which priority is most valuable to the customers.
For any given product, one of these priorities is dominant; the other two are traded off within that context. Some people are not easily convinced that there is only one top priority. Here is informative writing a check to verify that choice: If it is three weeks before the scheduled ship date, the defect count is higher than the developers prefer, and the last feature is not quite implemented, what does management choose to do? If management chooses to ship anyway, then time to market is the top priority. If management chooses to discipline, ship as soon as that feature is teaching essay writing installed, then customer satisfaction through features is the top priority. If management chooses to hold shipment to fix the defects, then low defects is the primary definition of quality. Since quality is value to someone (Weinberg 1992), one way to about, think about quality criteria is to ask what customers value most in essay this product: What will make them decide to buy or not buy this product? The customers’ primary buying choice–what they value, their definition of quality–defines quality for this release.
Once shipment, features, and low defects have been prioritized, specific and measurable quality criteria can be created for different project milestones. COTS software producers typically assume their highest priority is time to market. Although time to market is generally important, it’s not always critical. School Thesis! One way to differentiate when time to market is teaching informative essay writing critical is to define milestone criteria. Milestone criteria help the redemption essays, project team and senior management understand when the product development team is meeting any of the quality criteria, at specific times in the project. Especially when time to market is critical, milestone criteria help the project team realize early when it is not meeting the milestones. The author has had success generating criteria for system test entry, Beta ship, and product shipment milestones. System test entry criteria may be very different than the ship criteria. Especially for COTS software, many software producers and customers expect the state of the software going into system test or Beta to be quite different from the final shippable system.
To define milestone criteria, first, using the definition of what quality means for teaching informative essay writing, this project, define what is critically important to this particular project. After determining what is important, one can define objective, measurable milestone criteria. Negotiating Agreement on Criteria. Initially, the program, testers and the test manager may develop the milestone criteria. When developing criteria, make sure they are measurable and reflect the needs of this specific project–this product release.
One alternative is to define criteria as a group, consisting of the project manager, test manager, and the entire project team. If this is too many people, then a cross-functional team including the project manager, test manager, and marketing manager can create the teaching informative writing, milestone criteria draft. Once the initial criteria draft is ready, the case on indoor air pollution in india, entire project team needs to review and accept the informative, milestone criteria. The project team then reviews the criteria and accepts the criteria to test its work against. Acceptance means the entire project team judges the deliverables against the project criteria at the specific milestones.
When a team accepts the milestone criteria, team members are willing to do what it takes to meet those criteria. Only this release’s critical considerations become milestone criteria. Frequently the criteria become more stringent for later milestones in COTS projects. When discussing or negotiating criteria with the project team, negotiate on the merits of each criterion (Marick 1997), not on thesis any one person’s position. See (Fisher, Ury, and Palton 1992) for teaching informative writing, more information about useful negotiating tactics. Essay In Africa! The criteria negotiation results in measurable criteria to use to teaching writing, measure the project’s progress. Others have had success with gradations of milestone criteria, however, the redemption, author specifically creates binary, unambiguous milestone criteria to know whether the essay, criteria are met–if the criteria are either complete or not complete. She then uses the criteria to evaluate whether the team has met the milestone in question.
If the project team has not met the milestone by the expected date, members decide whether to keep going on until they meet the criteria, replan the project, renegotiate the criteria, or some combination of these. Different organizations with products in different phases take different approaches to developing milestone criteria. Following are three examples. SmartStore’s product was in evaluation rubric the early adopter phase. Time to teaching essay, market was a driving factor for its release cycles. Specific features, especially performance, were critical to product success. On Indoor Air Pollution! The company created criteria for entry into system test and product release milestones.
The criteria for starting the system test are not as demanding as the informative essay, criteria for product shipment. The system test criteria assume that the discipline, product going into system test is at teaching informative essay writing, least as good as the previous release, for the performance test. The ship criteria verify that this release’s performance is better than the previous release’s performance. In addition, the a tale of two essays, critical dates are noted as system test entry and release criteria. SmartStore was going to ship its product that quarter.
The company knew it and decided it was better to teaching informative essay writing, be clear about that fact than be surprised. The test manager and project manager used the milestone criteria differently. The project manager used the dates as a way to evaluation rubric, test the progress the teaching essay, developers said they had made, and as a way to identify risk in the project. The test manager used the dates to program for resume, prioritize the test effort, and to identify areas of essay, testing risk. The project team defined these criteria by thinking about what was important to about in africa, SmartStore and its customers. For SmartStore, product performance is not just a feature; lack of performance is a significant defect. Teaching Essay Writing! Since time to market and then features were the product’s major definition of quality, many of the ship criteria were bounds put on the defect assessment effort.
Defects were not the primary driver of quality but were important in knowing how good or bad the product was. SmartStore was willing to postpone final product shipment only to meet the performance and product shipment criteria. Contrast SmartStore’s criteria with PhoneHome, another company with a product in the early adopter phase. Time to evaluation rubric, market was a driving factor in addition to a particular set of teaching informative essay, features. If it did not make its market window, it would have lost the market. PhoneHome management realized they could not test everything before the release. They created criteria for entry into system test and product release milestones.
Again, the system test entry criteria are not as demanding as the release criteria. The system test entry criteria assume that the product going into redemption system test is at least as good as the previous release, and has specific additional functionality (module D). Informative! The release criteria verify that this release’s performance is no worse than the previous release’s performance, and that the promised additional functionality exists and works well enough. In addition, the critical dates are noted as system test entry and release criteria. If PhoneHome did not ship a reasonable product in time, it would have lost significant market share and program market opportunity. Some readers may be wondering if PhoneHome really was a COTS software company. This particular release was for a specific small set of customers. If the company succeeded with this set of customers, it would have the teaching informative essay, customer references to succeed in the larger marketplace. The product is esl essay now a commercial product, sold all over the world. At the time, PhoneHome management did not want to invest in a custom product, so although this release was focused on one primary customer, it was quickly sold to more customers. StockIt was firmly in the mainstream of its primary market and was working on acquiring new markets with an extension to the software.
StockIt’s quality drivers were: 1) low defects so it would not alienate its current customer base; 2) time to market with some new functionality and increase the customer base; and 3) more features. Informative Writing! StockIt engineering management decided they needed more milestone criteria so they would understand project status and a tale of two redemption essays know when they were done, so they used feature freeze, entry into system test, Bbeta, and release. StockIt’s milestones and criteria were quite different from SmartStore and PhoneHome’s because it was working to retain and attract different kinds of customers. ASSESS THE PRODUCT AGAINST THE MILESTONE CRITERIA. When creating milestone criteria, make them measurable, so the project team can periodically assess the criteria. Use the criteria to make binary decisions (yes or no) about whether the criteria are met. When developing the teaching informative, milestone criteria, set up the measuring system to program, obtain the measurements. One technique the author has used is publishing these criteria in the agendas for each project team meeting and teaching essay assessing project progress against the criteria at every meeting.
Since the criteria are aggregate measures, no one feels as if they are being singled out to measure them. Once one has measurable criteria for different milestones, it is easy to measure the of two cities, project against those criteria. It may not be possible to meet all the criteria in every project. Informative Essay Writing! When the project cannot meet the criteria, the project manager should be honest about it. The choices are then to change the criteria or replan the a tale redemption essays, project to meet the criteria.
If time to market is critical to the project, then either replan the project or work with the project team to reduce the criteria, and make it clear to the other people in the company the effects of writing, reducing the criteria. When faced with aggressive schedules, insufficient staff, or incomplete knowledge of the project’s feature set, define and manage the project’s test priorities. Define the test strategy, define product quality and milestone criteria, and then monitor the criteria against the milestone criteria when one wants to for resume, get the highest priority work accomplished. I thank the following reviewers for their substantive and helpful suggestions for this article: James Bullock, Benson Margulies, Jerry Weinberg. I also would like to thank the SQP reviewers. Abdel-Hamid, T., and S. Madnick. 1991. Teaching Informative! Software project dynamics. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice Hall. Bach, J. 1997. Research Topics Vietnam! Good enough software: Beyond the teaching informative essay writing, buzzword.
IEEE Computer (August). Black, R. 1999. Communication on sw-test-discuss e-mail list. Fisher, R., W. Ury, and B. Patton. 1992. Getting to yes , second edition . New York: Penguin Books.
Grady, R. Essay About Aids! 1992. Practical software metrics for project management and process improvement . Informative Essay! Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice Hall. Hendrickson, K., and E. Hendrickson. 1999. Quality along the lifecycle. Evaluation Rubric! In Proceedings of teaching essay writing, ASM/SM ’99 , San Jose, Calif . Kaner, C. et al. 1993. Testing computer software , second edition . New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
Marick, B. 1997. Classic testing mistakes . STAR. Moore, G. A Tale Of Two Cities! 1995. Teaching Informative Writing! Inside the tornado . New York: Harper Collins. Rothman, J. 1998. Defining and managing project focus. American Programmer (February): 19.
Weinberg, G. M. 1992. Quality software management, vol. 1 . New York: Dorset House Publishing. Like this article? See the of two cities, other articles.
Or, look at writing, my workshops, so you can see how to use advice like this where you work.
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How to teaching, Make a Mind Map: Creative Examples for paper war High School Art Students. February 8, 2017 by essay writing Amiria Gale. Many Art students begin the discipline strategies thesis, year by brainstorming possible ideas, topics or themes for their Art projects. This article features 23 creative mind map examples and other visual brainstorming illustrations to inspire high school Art students. Sometimes coming up with ideas for an Art project takes place within the classroom – an interactive discussion between students and teachers; on other occasions students formally document ideas within their sketchbooks. Humans have a tendency to think in a multi-dimensional way – that is, with lots of things occurring simultaneously, triggering further ideas. Rather than attempting to teaching writing, record thoughts in on indoor in india a sequential, linear fashion (i.e. Writing. writing these down in essay about aids lists or paragraphs), students can find it helpful to collect, record and organise ideas graphically, using visual diagram such as a mind map. If this brainstorm is submitted as part of assessment material, it is essential that this is presented well. Mind map creator Tony Buzan coined the term ‘mind map’ to refer to a diagram that has a branch or root-like structure radiating from a central image on the page, and teaching writing which uses lines and colour to show relationships, groupings and connections betweens words, ideas and images.
A mind map helps students think clearly and ensures that a range of possibilities are considered, encouraging thinking outside-the-box. Tony Buzan sets out essay aids in africa official guidelines for how to a draw a mind map upon the ThinkBuzan website. His recommendations include: using a landscape format; starting with a central image to represent your topic or theme; using curving lines to add main branches to informative, the centre and then connecting these to smaller branches; using single words and images; and program adding colours for aesthetic and organisational purposes. Examples from the Tony Buzan mind map gallery: It should be noted, however, that when your Art teacher asks you to begin creating a mind map, they are almost always happy with any visually pleasing representation of ideas – such as a tree diagram, spider diagram – or even just a splurge of thoughts on paper, as long as it documents a range of ideas and possibilities connected to a theme (or a set examination topic). The examples below, therefore, contain different visual brainstorming methods, not just those that are official mind maps. When brainstorming ideas for a high school Art project, remember that:
Single words are unlikely to express an idea adequately. As you think though possibilities, it is likely that you will want to jot down whole phrases and brainstorm possible ways of beginning or approaching a subject. Intentions and possibilities should be clear to someone else who reads the mind map at a later date Images should be sourced first-hand (i.e. drawn or photographed yourself) or clearly referenced, and should be integrated within the mind map in informative essay a visually pleasing way The appearance of the mind map is crucially important. Esl Essay Evaluation Rubric. This is likely to be one of the first things an examiner sees when opening your sketchbook – first impressions count. Creative mind maps and visual brainstorming.
Please note that although some of teaching informative these presentation methods are more complex and time consuming than others, this not does mean they are better. Sometimes a quick, expressive splurge of ideas upon paper is all that is essay aids in africa, needed. Take a beautiful photograph to place in the centre , as in this example of a mind map by Dave Tiedemann: An appropriate object can be photographed, printed, trimmed and then glued onto your workbook page – or digitally superimposed upon a page and then printed. Alternatively, you might photocopy an object (placing the item directly upon the photocopier or scanner,with teacher supervision) so that it seamlessly integrates with the page. The remainder of the mind map can then be added by hand.
As the teaching essay writing, photograph becomes a dominant element upon the page, the object should be selected with care. Use painted areas to contain text , as in these creative examples by artist Martha Rich: This approach gives you an study on indoor in india, opportunity to essay writing, play with space and colour, while recording ideas. A range of different painted marks could be used a€“ splashes / smears / drips etc. Strategies Thesis. It is worth remembering that colour choices should be thoughtful and not distract from informative essay writing, subsequent work in your sketchbook. Draw lots of small pictures to illustrate ideas visually , as inspired by this Curiocity map of strategies London illustrated by Nicole Mollet:
In many cases, the brainstorming phase of an Art project has to be completed quickly, however, if you are a fast drawer and have a spare weekend, you might wish to produce a collection of informative essay drawings to illustrate your ideas. You should avoid drawing things from imagination and discipline strategies thesis may wish to writing, include a range of different mediums. Before spending considerable time on this exercise, you should check with your art teacher whether this is appropriate for your project. A collage of esl essay evaluation rubric words or phrases could be created using cuttings from magazines, or text could be overlaid digitally, as in this example. Font size has been used to create emphasis and writing indicate importance, with text carefully angled and positioned to strategies thesis, create a well-balanced composition. Integrate a mind map with an ‘incomplete’ image that extends across the page , inspired by this digital illustration by Alex Plesovskich: Many Art students find that drawing itself allows them to relax and thoughts to flow freely. Teaching Informative Essay. You may wish to make a mind map in and around an observational drawing that sprawls across a page, in a fragmented, semi-complete way. As you think of possible ideas, these could be scrawled upon the drawing and about extending out from teaching essay, this, creating an organic and spontaneous record of ideas. School. Strong observational drawers could find this an excellent way to teaching essay, flaunt skill to the examiner from the very first page of their sketchbook. Collage torn images, textures and a tale cities redemption essays surfaces together , as in this example by Brittney:
Collecting, ripping and arranging a range of teaching writing images, textures and surfaces can provide a creative base upon on the vietnam, which to write and informative essay draw further ideas. These pages from a visual journal explore ideas related to illustration, fairytales and mythology. Create mind maps from flowing painterly forms , as in this amazing example by artist Ward Shelley: Using paint to create voluptuous forms can be a fun presentation method for students, as it allows them to ‘make art’ from the discipline strategies thesis, very first sketchbook page. A fast drying acrylic or water colour paint is ideal. This approach is most appropriate when the teaching, forms and colours can be connected with the subject matter itself.
Care should be taken to ensure that the resulting mind map is not overly distracting and disconnected visually from the of two redemption essays, remainder of the informative essay writing, work. Draw over an abstract watercolour ground , as in this artist mind map by Roberta Faulhaber: Drawing a mind map over blurred and running watercolour forms can result in an exciting abstracted diagram. As mentioned in the above example, colours that link in with the a tale redemption, subject matter should be chosen (muted, softer colours are usually more appropriate than psychedelic pinks and essay greens, for example). Create a simple mind map using text, with circles and dots for emphasis , as in these examples by case on indoor in india Lia Perjovschi: Students often feel pressured to teaching essay writing, create a complex, over-worked mind map, when often a simple presentation is all that is esl essay rubric, needed. This elegant brainstorm of ideas would be a beautiful way to teaching informative, begin a sketchbook. Record a stream of consciousness using handwriting and a tale cities essays images , as in this journal by Sabrina Ward Harrison (via Doodlers’ Anonymous): These journal pages are reminiscent of how many artists record thoughts and informative essay ideas. The background of a tale of two redemption essays images, layered paper and smeared paint has been covered with scrawled handwritten texts; passages have been written in larger font to create emphasis and lines help to segment parts of the text.
Brainstorm ideas using chalk on a blackboard and photograph it , creating a work similar to teaching informative essay writing, this mind map by IA Factory: If you do not wish to feel constrained by the size of strategies your page, you may wish to begin making large-scale mind maps on a blackboard, whiteboard or other large sheet of teaching informative paper. Case On Indoor In India. Once completed, this can be photographed and teaching integrated within your sketchbook, possibly with further digital manipulation taking place. Make a mind map on small pieces of paper and cardboard , inspired by for resume the road map created from multiple sketches by strangers, compiled by Nobutaka Aozaki: You may wish to layer white pieces of paper and torn card and teaching writing then photocopy this, writing ideas onto for resume the photocopy; glue pieces directly into your sketchbook; or write onto the layered paper and then photograph the finished piece, as in essay the example above. The latter option has the advantage that pieces can be moved around and added to as needed. Attach images and notes to a pinboard , as in research paper topics on the the ‘Capturing Memory Mind Map’ by Red Biddy: Many students begin with a ‘mood board’ along these lines: a collection overlaying images, materials and text. This example has string and other items connecting different parts.
This could then be photographed and annotated further. Hand write ideas over a photograph , as in this example by Stefan Sagmeister: Students who enter an Art course with strong photography skills may wish to create an entire mind map or brainstorm upon a large-scale photograph. Teaching Writing. This may be photocopied to create a surface that is easier to write upon – or a medium such as Indian ink can be used to write directly upon a printed photograph. Create a mind map online using free mind map software, a mind map app or any other digital drawing tool, as in this bubble diagram by Leoni Wharton: Students who are confident using digital technology – and who have access to a computer during class – may find this an easy way to quickly generate an aesthetically pleasing mind map. This may be particularly appropriate for a design student, who intends to produce a considerable portion of their portfolio using digital tools (whereas this approach may appear out-of-place within a Painting / Fine Art submission).
Make a textural collage of ideas , as in this GCSE Art mind map by Jessica Rump, while studying at King’s Lynn Academy: Exploring the topic Force, this mixed media mind map contains a wealth of details, texture and depth. Similar colours have been used throughout, linking the different aspects of the topics on the vietnam, work and making the page cohesive. Produce a sprawling hand-drawn mind map , as in this example by Tlemermeyer: It is teaching, worth emphasizing, as mentioned above, that students should not feel obligated to produce an topics vietnam, intense, time-consuming brainstorm presentation. Many high achieving students submit very simple mind map presentations (if indeed any are submitted at all). It may help to writing, imagine what kind of brainstorming method you would use if you were a famous, crazy, genius artist!
Use illustrations and colours to communicate and emphasise ideas , as in these ‘sketchnotes’ by Eva-Lotta Lamm: Graphic Design students in essay about aids in africa particular often feel confident brainstorming ideas in graphical format. Note the clever repetition of colour in this work and how borders around certain areas of teaching essay text draw the viewer’s attention. Organise ideas visually in a grid formation , as in this illustration of design studio tools by Grid London: If your teacher is open to this approach, a more formal, grid-like structure can be an case study air pollution in india, aesthetically pleasing way to collect ideas (these could be organised in informative writing related rows).
Although this doesn’t facilitate discussion or linking between different ideas, it can be a great minimalist way for students to contemplate a whole range of possible subject matters that are related to a theme. Evaluation Rubric. Images can be photographed, drawn or collaged, with annotation beneath. This book contains innovative examples of graphical data presentation from leading information visualisation designers. A student who was studying organic form, for example, might use the veins on a leaf to teaching writing, inspire a diagram similar to the one above. Manual Lima has also published a great poster, which shows how the presentation of ideas can be organised and structured in creative and innovative ways: Combine a mood board with a brainstorm , as in this analysis of ‘glitch art’ by Gareth Wrighton:
In this example, numerous small images have been cut out and arranged, accompanied by of two cities annotation. Colours have been positioned carefully, so that the final image appears balanced and essay cohesive (rather than busy and chaotic). Used multiple coloured pens , as in esl essay this example by Cassandra Brown: This can be a quick and teaching essay writing effective way for students to explore ideas. As with the research topics on the, other examples shown on this page, it is important that the colours and presentation methods link in with the remainder of your project. This style of presentation may be particularly appropriate for informative a graphic design or 3D design project. Once you have selected a presentation method for your brainstorming, the next step is to actually generate some ideas! Please read our guide to selecting a great Art project idea. This article was written by Amiria Gale.
Amiria has been a teacher of of two redemption Art Design and informative a Curriculum Co-ordinator for evaluation rubric seven years, responsible for essay the course design and assessment of Art and Design work in two high-achieving Auckland schools. Amiria has a Bachelor of Architectural Studies, Bachelor of program for resume Architecture (First Class Honours) and a Graduate Diploma of informative essay Teaching. She is a CIE Accredited Art Design Coursework Assessor. Follow Student Art Guide on Pinterest. Join over discipline 15,000 people who receive our free newsletter. You will be notified first when free resources are available: new art project ideas, teaching handouts, printable lesson plans, tips and advice from experienced teachers.
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